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List Of Modern Indian Scientists

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We cannot imagine a single day without science though we don’t notice it often. From our high-tech mobile phones to a humble toy, everything is a gift of Science & Technology. Some of the best minds invented them and made our life easier. Here is a list of a few modern Indian scientists who achieved global recognition for their inventions and research. The expansion of scientific studies in modern India can be credited to these sharp minds. They shaped the way we live now. The modern life of modern India can be attributed to these scientists. The amazing talents of these scientists and inventors have been established in diverse areas, including Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Medicine, Rocket Science, Quantum Physics, Botany, Zoology…to name just a few. Some of these scientists have also contributed in a great way to spread out their research and knowledge in different regions of the world. We cannot imagine a single day without science though we don’t notice it often. From our high-tech mobile phones to a humble toy, everything is a gift of Science & Technology. Some of the best minds invented them and made our life easier. Here is a list of few modern Indian scientists who achieved global recognition for their invention and research. The expansion of scientific studies in modern India can be credited to these sharp minds. They shaped the way we live now. The modern life of modern India can be attributed to these scientists. The amazing talents of these scientists and inventors have been established in diverse areas, including Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Medicine, Rocket Science, Quantum Physics, Botany, Zoology…to name just a few. Some of these scientists have also contributed in a great way to spread out their research and knowledge in different regions of the world.


1

C. V. Raman

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सी वी रामन C. V. Raman

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (7 November 1888 – 21 November 1970) was an Indian physicist who made groundbreaking works in the field of light scattering. With his student K. S. Krishnan, he discovered that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light change wavelength...Read More

2

Birbal Sahni

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बीरबल साहनी Birbal Sahni

Birbal Sahni FRS (14 November 1891 – 10 April 1949) was an Indian paleobotanist who studied the fossils of the Indian subcontinent. He also took an interest in geology and archaeology. He founded what is now the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany at Lucknow in 1946. His major contributions were...Read More

सत्येन्द्रनाथ बोस Satyendra Nath Bose

Satyendra Nath Bose ( 1 January 1894 – 4 February 1974) was an Indian mathematician and physicist specialising in theoretical physics. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics in the early 1920s, collaboration with Albert Einstein in developing the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics...Read More

4

Vikram Sarabhai

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विक्रम अंबालाल साराभाई Vikram Sarabhai

Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai (12 August 1919 – 30 December 1971) was an Indian physicist and astronomer who initiated space research and helped develop nuclear power in India. He was honoured with Padma Bhushan in 1966 and the Padma Vibhushan (posthumously) in 1972. He is internationally regarded as the Father of the Indian Space Program.

जगदीश चन्द्र बसु Jagadish Chandra Bose

Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose (30 November 1858 – 23 November 1937) was a biologist, physicist, botanist and an early writer of science fiction. He pioneered the investigation of radio and microwave optics, made significant contributions to plant science, and laid the foundations of experimental science...Read More

6

Homi J. Bhabha

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होमी जे भाभा Homi J. Bhabha

Homi Jehangir Bhabha (30 October 1909 – 24 January 1966) was an Indian nuclear physicist, founding director, and professor of physics at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). Colloquially known as “father of the Indian nuclear programme”, Bhabha was also the founding director...Read More

श्रीनिवास रामानुजन् Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan ( 22 December 1887 – 26 April 1920) was an Indian mathematician who lived during the British Rule in India. Though he had almost no formal training in pure mathematics, he made substantial contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory, infinite series, and continued fractions,...Read More

ए॰ पी॰ जे॰ अब्दुल कलाम A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (15 October 1931 – 27 July 2015) was an Indian aerospace scientist and politician who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four...Read More

9

G. N. Ramachandran

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जी.एन. रामचंद्रन G. N. Ramachandran

Gopalasamudram Narayanan Ramachandran, or G.N. Ramachandran, FRS (8 October 1922 – 7 April 2001) was an Indian physicist who was known for his work that led to his creation of the Ramachandran plot for understanding peptide structure. He was the first to propose a triple-helical model for the structure of collagen. He subsequently went on to make other major contributions in biology and physics.

10

Narendra Karmarkar

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Narendra Krishna Karmarkar (born 1955) is an Indian mathematician. Karmarkar developed Karmarkar’s algorithm. He is listed as an ISI highly cited researcher.He invented one of the first provably polynomial time algorithms for linear programming, which is generally referred to as an interior point method. The algorithm is a cornerstone in the field of Linear Programming. He published his famous result in 1984 while he was working for Bell Laboratories in New Jersey.

उपेन्द्रनाथ ब्रह्मचारी Upendranath Brahmachari

Rai Bahadur Sir Upendranath Brahmachari (19 December 1873 – 6 February 1946) was an Indian scientist and a leading medical practitioner of his time. He synthesised Urea-Stibamine (carbostibamide) in 1922 and determined that it was an effective treatment for Kala-azar (Visceral leishmaniasis).

वामन दत्तात्रेय पटवर्धन Waman Dattatreya Patwardhan

Waman Dattatreya Patwardhan (30 January 1917 – 27 July 2007) was an Indian nuclear chemist, defence scientist and an expert in the science of Explosives engineering. He was the founder director of the Explosives Research and Development Laboratory (now known as the High Energy Materials Research...Read More

13

Meghnad Saha

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मेघनाद साहा Meghnad Saha

Meghnad Saha FRS (6 October 1893 – 16 February 1956) was a British Indian astrophysicist who developed the Saha ionization equation, used to describe chemical and physical conditions in stars. His work allowed astronomers to accurately relate the spectral classes of stars to their actual temperatures. He was elected to the Parliament of India in 1952.

14

K. S. Krishnan

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के एस कृष्णन K. S. Krishnan

Sir Kariamanikkam Srinivasa Krishnan, FRS, (4 December 1898 – 14 June 1961) was an Indian physicist. He was a co-discoverer of Raman scattering, for which his mentor C. V. Raman was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics.

15

Yamuna Krishnan

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यमुना कृष्णन Yamuna Krishnan

Yamuna Krishnan (born 25 May 1974) is a professor at the Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, where she has worked since August 2014. She was born to P.T. Krishnan and Mini in Parappanangadi, in the Malappuram district of Kerala, India. She was earlier a Reader in National Centre for Biological...Read More

16

Darshan Ranganathan

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दर्शन रंगनाथन Darshan Ranganathan

Darshan Ranganathan (4 June 1941 – 4 June 2001) was an organic chemist from India who was known for her work in bio-organic chemistry, including “pioneering work in protein folding.” She was also recognized for her work in “supramolecular assemblies, molecular design, chemical simulation of key biological processes, synthesis of functional hybrid peptides and synthesis of nanotubes.”

17

Rohini Godbole

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रोहिणी गोडबोले Rohini Godbole

Rohini Godbole is an Indian physicist and academic. She is a professor at the Centre for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. She has worked extensively on different aspects of particle phenomenology over the past three decades, in particular on exploring different aspects...Read More

18

Anil Kakodkar

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अनिल काकोदकर Anil Kakodkar

Anil Kakodkar (born 11 November 1943) is an Indian nuclear physicist and mechanical engineer. He was the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission of India and the Secretary to the Government of India, he was the Director of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay from 1996–2000. He was awarded...Read More

19

Aditi Pant

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Aditi Pant is an Indian oceanographer. She was the first Indian woman to visit Antarctica, alongside geologist Sudipta Sengupta in 1983 as part of the Indian Antarctic Program. She has held prominent positions at institutions including the National Institute of Oceanography, National Chemical Laboratory, University of Pune, and Maharashtra Academy of Sciences.

20

Abhay Ashtekar

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अभय अष्टेकर Abhay Ashtekar

Abhay Vasant Ashtekar (born 5 July 1949) is an Indian theoretical physicist. He is the Eberly Professor of Physics and the Director of the Institute for Gravitational Physics and Geometry at Pennsylvania State University. As the creator of Ashtekar variables, he is one of the founders of loop quantum...Read More

21

Roddam Narasimha

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रोद्दम नरसिंहा Roddam Narasimha

Roddam Narasimha (20 July 1933 – 14 December 2020) was an Indian aerospace scientist and fluid dynamicist. He was a professor of Aerospace Engineering at the Indian Institute of Science (1962–1999), director of the National Aerospace Laboratories (1984–1993) and the chairman of the Engineering...Read More

चारुसीता चक्रवर्ती Charusita Chakravarty

Charusita Chakravarty (5 May 1964 – 29 March 2016) was an Indian academic and scientist. She was a professor of chemistry at the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi since 1999. In 2009 she was conferred Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology in the field of chemical science....Read More

राजेश्वरी चटर्जी Rajeshwari Chatterjee

Rajeshwari Chatterjee (24 January 1922 – 3 September 2010) was an Indian scientist and an academic. She was the first woman engineer from Karnataka. During her tenure at the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore, Chatterjee was a professor and later chairperson of the department of Electrical Communication Engineering.

अमल कुमार रायचौधुरी Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri

Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri (14 September 1923 – 18 June 2005) was an Indian physicist, known for his research in general relativity and cosmology. His most significant contribution is the eponymous Raychaudhuri equation, which demonstrates that singularities arise inevitably in general relativity and...Read More

25

Jogesh Pati

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Jogesh C. Pati (born 1937 in Baripada, Odisha, India) is an Indian American theoretical physicist at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Pati was awarded the Dirac Medal for his seminal contributions to a “Quest for Unification” in the year 2000 along with Howard Georgi and Helen Quinn. In 2013, Pati was conferred the honor of Padma Bhushan, the 3rd highest civilian award from the Govt. of India.

26

Mitali Mukerji

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मित्तीय मुखर्जी Mitali Mukerji

Mitali Mukerji (born 1967) is a Chief Scientist at the CSIR Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology with notable achievement in the field of human genomics and personalized medicine. She is best known for initiating the field of “Ayurgenomics” in partner with her colleague Dr Bhavana...Read More

27

M. S. Swaminathan

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एम एस स्वामिनाथन M. S. Swaminathan

Mankombu Sambasivan Swaminathan (born 7 August 1925) is an Indian geneticist and administrator, known for his role in India’s Green Revolution, a program under which high-yield varieties of wheat and rice were planted. Swaminathan has been called the “Father of Green Revolution in India”...Read More

एन्नाक्कल चांडी जॉर्ज सुदर्शन E. C. George Sudarshan

Ennackal Chandy George Sudarshan (also known as E. C. G. Sudarshan; 16 September 1931 – 14 May 2018) was an Indian-American theoretical physicist and a professor at the University of Texas. Sudarshan has been credited with numerous contributions to the field of theoretical physics, including Glauber–Sudarshan...Read More

Daya Shankar Kulshreshtha

Daya Shankar Kulshreshtha (born December, 1951) is an Indian theoretical physicist, specializing in formal aspects of quantum field theory, string theory and general relativity.Dirac’s instant-form and light-front quantization of field theories and D-brane actions, boson stars, black holes and wormholes in general relativity.

अर्चना भट्टाचार्य Archana Bhattacharyya

Archana Bhattacharyya (born 1948) is an Indian physicist. She specializes in the field of ionospheric physics, geomagnetism, and space weather and is Director of the Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Navi Mumbai. Bhattacharyya joined the Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG), Mumbai in 1978. She...Read More

31

Gaiti Hasan

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गायती हसन Gaiti Hasan

Gaiti Hasan (born 19 November 1956) is an Indian scientist who researches in the fields of molecular biology, genetics, neuroscience and cell signalling. Hasan is a Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA), the apex body of Indian scientists and technologists. 2013 onwards she has been serving as a Senior Professor at the National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore.

32

Radha Balakrishnan

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राधा बालकृष्णन 2

Radha Balakrishnan is an Indian physicist. She works at Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai primarily related to nonlinear dynamics and applications in physics. During the 1980s, when Balakrishnan returned to India, she worked at the Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Madras...Read More

33

Aravind Joshi

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Aravind Krishna Joshi (August 5, 1929 – December 31, 2017) was the Henry Salvatori Professor of Computer and Cognitive Science in the computer science department of the University of Pennsylvania. Joshi defined the tree-adjoining grammar formalism which is often used in computational linguistics...Read More

34

Abhay Bhushan

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Abhay K. Bhushan (born 23 November 1944, in Allahabad, India) has been a major contributor to the development of the Internet TCP/IP architecture, and is the author of the File Transfer Protocol (which he started working on while he was a student at IIT-Kanpur) and the early versions of email protocols. He is currently chairman of Asquare Inc. and President of the IIT-Kanpur Foundation.

अखिलेश के गहरवार Akhilesh K. Gaharwar

Akhilesh K. Gaharwar (born January 3, 1982, Nagpur, India) is an Indian academic and an assistant professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at Texas A&M University. The goal of his lab is to understand the cell-nanomaterials interactions and to develop nanoengineered strategies for modulating stem cell behavior for repair and regeneration of damaged tissue.

36

Amar Gupta

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अमर गुप्ता Amar Gupta

Amar Gupta (born 1953) is a computer scientist, originally from Gujarat, India and now based in the United States. Gupta has worked in academics, private companies, and international organizations in positions that involved analysis and leveraging of opportunities at the intersection of technology...Read More

37

Avinash Kak

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अविनाश काक Avinash Kak

Avinash C. Kak (born 1944) is a professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University who has conducted pioneering research in several areas of information processing. His most noteworthy contributions deal with algorithms, languages, and systems related to networks (including sensor...Read More

38

Amar Bose

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अमर बोस Amar Bose

Amar Gopal Bose (  November 2, 1929 – July 12, 2013) was an American entrepreneur and academic. An electrical engineer and sound engineer, he was a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) for over 45 years. He was also the founder and chairman of Bose Corporation.
In 2011, he donated a majority of the company to MIT in the form of non-voting shares to sustain and advance MIT’s education and research mission.

39

A. S. Kiran Kumar

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ए एस किरण कुमार A. S. Kiran Kumar

Aluru Seelin Kiran Kumar (born 22 Oct 1952) is an Indian space scientist and former chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation, having assumed office on 14 January 2015. He is credited with the development of key scientific instruments aboard the Chandrayaan-1 and Mangalyaan space crafts....Read More

Amiya Charan Banerjee (23 January 1891 – 31 May 1968) was an Indian mathematician. Amiya Charan Banerjee was born on 23 January 1891 in his maternal grandfather’s house at Bhagalpur. As his father had a transferable job, he was educated mostly at Bhagalpur Zilla School. He stood first in the...Read More

41

A. Sivathanu Pillai

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ए शिवाथानु पिल्लई A. Sivathanu Pillai

A Sivathanu Pillai is an Indian scientist who formerly served as Honorary Distinguished Professor at Indian Space Research Organisation (2015-2018) and an honorary professor at IIT Delhi in the Department of Mechanical Engineering (2015-2016) and a Visiting Professor at Indian Institute of Science...Read More

42

Indumadhab Mallick

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इंदुमाधब मल्लिक Indumadhab Mallick

Indumadhab Mallick ( 4 December 1869 – 8 May 1917) was an Indian polymath who invented the Icmic cooker and made it a commercial success. He was a philosopher, physicist, botanist, lawyer, physician, inventor, entrepreneur, collector, traveler, writer and social reformer.

Samir Kumar Brahmachari (born 1 January 1952) is an Indian biophysicist and Former Director General of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) and Former Secretary, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR), Government of India. He is the Founder Director of Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), New Delhi and the Chief Mentor of Open Source for Drug Discovery (OSDD) Project. He is the recipient of J.C Bose Fellowship Award, DST (2012).

44

Amartya Sen

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अमर्त्य सेन 3

Amartya Kumar Sen (born 3 November 1933) is an Indian economist, who since 1972 has taught and worked in the United Kingdom and the United States. Sen has made contributions to welfare economics, social choice theory, economic and social justice, economic theories of famines, decision theory, development...Read More

45

Har Gobind Khorana

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हरगोविंद खुराना 4

Har Gobind Khorana (9 January 1922 – 9 November 2011) was an Indian American biochemist. While on the faculty of the University of Wisconsin–Madison, he shared the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for research that showed the order of...Read More

सुब्रह्मण्यन् चन्द्रशेखर 5

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995) was an Indian-American astrophysicist who spent his professional life in the United States. He was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize for Physics with William A. Fowler for “…theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance...Read More

वेंकटरामन रामकृष्णन 6

Venkatraman “Venki” Ramakrishnan (born 1952) is an Indian-born British-American structural biologist who shared the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Thomas A. Steitz and Ada Yonath, “for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome”..
Since 1999, he has worked...Read More

48

Bhargav Sri Prakash

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भार्गव श्री प्रकाश Bhargav Sri Prakash

Bhargav Sri Prakash is an Indian entrepreneur and engineer based in silicon valley.Sri Prakash has worked in gamification and is the inventor of Digital Vaccine technology to reduce the risk of lifestyle diseases. He is the founder and CEO of FriendsLearn, and is the Chief of Product for Fooya, which is a mobile app designed to improve health.He is a former professional tennis player and junior national champion from India.

49

C. N. R. Rao

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सी॰ एन॰ आर॰ राव C. N. R. Rao

Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Rao FRS, also known as C. N. R. Rao (born 30 June 1934), is an Indian chemist who has worked mainly in solid-state and structural chemistry. He has honorary doctorates from 60 universities from around the world, and has authored around 1,600 research publications and...Read More

50

Animesh Chakraborty

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Animesh Chakravorty FNA, FASc (born 30 June 1935) is a Bengali Indian academic and a professor of chemistry. In 1975, he was awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology in chemistry by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research.

सुभाष मुखोपाध्याय Subhash Mukhopadhyay

Subhash Mukhopadhyay (16 January 1931 – 19 June 1981) was an Indian scientist, physician from Hazaribagh, Bihar and Orissa Province, British India (now in Jharkhand, India), who created the world’s second and India’s first child using in-vitro fertilisation. Kanupriya Agarwal (Durga),...Read More

52

Ashoke Sen

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अशोक सेन Ashoke Sen

Ashoke Sen, FRS ( born 1956) is an Indian theoretical physicist and distinguished professor at the Harish-Chandra Research Institute, Allahabad. He is also an honorary fellow in National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER), Bhubaneswar, India and also a Morningstar Visiting professor...Read More

53

Anna Mani

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अन्ना मणी Anna Mani

Anna Mani (23 August 1918 – 16 August 2001) was an Indian physicist and meteorologist. She retired as the Deputy Director General of the Indian Meteorological Department and further served as a visiting professor at the Raman Research Institute.
She made several contributions to the field of meteorological instrumentation, conducted research and published numerous papers on solar radiation, ozone and wind energy measurements.

54

Salim Ali

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सालिम अली Salim Ali

Sálim Moizuddin Abdul Ali (12 November 1896 – 20 June 1987) was an Indian ornithologist and naturalist. Sometimes referred to as the “Birdman of India”, Salim Ali was the first Indian to conduct systematic bird surveys across India and wrote several bird books that popularized ornithology...Read More

55

Nautam Bhatt

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Nautam Bhagwanlal Bhatt (10 April 1909 – 6 July 2005) was an Indian physicist born in Jamnagar, Gujarat. He was the founding Director Solid State Physics Laboratory, Delhi. Nautam was a recipient of Padma Shri Award for his contributions to “Science and Engineering”.

56

Asima Chatterjee

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असीमा चटर्जी Asima Chatterjee

Asima Chatterjee (23 September 1917 – 22 November 2006) was an Indian organic chemist noted for her work in the fields of organic chemistry and phytomedicine. Her most notable work includes research on vinca alkaloids, the development of anti-epileptic drugs, and development of anti-malarial drugs. She also authored a considerable volume of work on medicinal plants of the Indian subcontinent. She was the first woman to receive a Doctorate of Science from an Indian university.

Dr. Shankar Abaji Bhise was an Indian scientist. Shankar Bhise was born in a Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu family in Bombay on 29 April 1867, his father was the Sardar Amin of Surat. At the age of six, his curiosity led him to examine the workings of a clock, situated in a statue and which caused...Read More

Narinder Singh Kapany (31 October 1926 – 4 December 2020) was an Indian-American physicist best known for his work on fibre optics. He is credited with coining of the term fibre optics and is also considered the ‘father of fibre optics’. Fortune named him one of seven ‘Unsung Heroes’ in their ‘Businessmen of the Century’ issue in 1999.

प्रफुल्ल चंद्र रे Prafulla Chandra Ray

Acharya Sir Prafulla Chandra Ray (also spelled Prafulla Chandra Rây and Prafulla Chandra Roy) CIE, FNI, FRASB, FIAS, FCS ( 2 August 1861 – 16 June 1944) was an eminent Bengali chemist, educationist, historian, industrialist and philanthropist. He established the first modern Indian research school...Read More

Venkataraman Radhakrishnan (18 May 1929 – 3 March 2011) was a space scientist and member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He ended his career as professor emeritus of the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore, India, of which he had previously been director from 1972 to 1994.

Radhakrishnan...Read More

येल्लप्रगड सुब्बाराव Yellapragada Subbarao

Yellapragada Subbarow (12 January 1895 – 8 August 1948) was a pioneering Indian biochemist who discovered the function of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) as an energy source in the cell, developed methotrexate for the treatment of cancer and discovered a broad spectrum of antibiotics including tetracycline...Read More

प्रशान्त चन्द्र महालनोबिस Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis OBE, FNA, FASc, FRS (29 June 1893 – 28 June 1972) was an Indian scientist and statistician. He is best remembered for the Mahalanobis distance, a statistical measure, and for being one of the members of the first Planning Commission of free India. He made pioneering...Read More

शान्ति स्वरूप भटनागर Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar

Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar OBE, FNI, FASc, FRS, FRIC, FInstP (21 February 1894 – 1 January 1955) was an Indian colloid chemist, academic and scientific administrator. The first director-general of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), he is revered as the “father of research...Read More

64

Harish Chandra

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हरीश चंद्र Harish-Chandra

Harish-Chandra FRS (11 October 1923 – 16 October 1983) was an Indian American mathematician and physicist who did fundamental work in representation theory, especially harmonic analysis on semisimple Lie groups. ‘Harish Chandra Maharotra’ was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1977 in the field of literature and education by the Government of India.

65

Janaki Ammal

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एडावलेठ कक्कट जानकी अम्माल Janaki Ammal

Janaki Ammal Edavalath Kakkat (4 November 1897 – 7 February 1984) was an Indian botanist who worked on plant breeding, cytogenetics and phytogeography. Her most notable work involved studies on sugarcane and the eggplant (brinjal) but she also worked on the cytogenetics of a range of plants and...Read More

66

Jayant Narlikar

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जयन्त विष्णु नार्लीकर Jayant Narlikar

Jayant Vishnu Narlikar (born 19 July 1938) is an Indian astrophysicist and emeritus professor at the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA). He developed with Sir Fred Hoyle the conformal gravity theory, known as Hoyle–Narlikar theory. It synthesises Albert Einstein’s...Read More

67

Sulabha K. Kulkarni

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सुलभ कुलकर्णी Sulabha K. Kulkarni

Sulabha Kashinath Kulkarni (born 1 June 1949 in Pune, Maharashtra) is an Indian physicist, whose research spans the areas of Nanotechnology, Materials Science, and Surface Science. She is currently a visiting faculty member at Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune, India.

68

Aditi Pant

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Aditi Pant is an Indian oceanographer. She was the first Indian woman to visit Antarctica, alongside geologist Sudipta Sengupta in 1983 as part of the Indian Antarctic Program. She has held prominent positions at institutions including the National Institute of Oceanography, National Chemical Laboratory, University of Pune, and Maharashtra Academy of Sciences.

69

Ajoy Ghatak

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अजॉय घटक Ajoy Ghatak

Ajoy Ghatak is an Indian physicist and author of physics textbooks. Ajoy Ghatak has written over 170 research papers and more than 20 books (see Selected Publications below). His undergraduate textbook on Optics has been translated to Chinese and Persian and his monograph on Inhomogeneous Optical...Read More

70

Ambarish Ghosh

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अंबरीश घोष Ambarish Ghosh

Ambarish Ghosh is an Indian scientist, a faculty member at the Centre for Nano Science and Engineering (CeNSE), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. He is also an associate faculty at the Department of Physics. He is known for his work on nanorobots, active matter physics, plasmonics, metamaterials and electron bubbles in liquid helium.

अमिताव रायचौधुरी Amitava Raychaudhuri

Amitava Raychaudhuri is an Indian theoretical particle physicist. He is Professor Emeritus at the Physics Department of the Rajabazar Science College, University of Calcutta where he earlier held the Sir Tarak Nath Palit Chair Professorship. He is the nephew of another renowned Indian physicist, Amal Kumar Raychaudhuri.

72

A. P. Balachandran

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अयलम परमेस्वर बालाचंद्रन A. P. Balachandran

Aiyalam Parameswaran Balachandran (born 25 January 1938) is an Indian theoretical physicist well known for his extensive contributions to the role of classical topology in quantum physics. He is currently an emeritus professor in the Department of Physics, Syracuse University, where he was previously...Read More

73

A. S. Rao

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अय्यगिरी साम्बशिव राव 7

Ayyagari Sambasiva Rao (popularly known as A. S. Rao) (1914–2003) was an Indian scientist and founder of Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Hyderabad, Telangana, India. He completed his M.Sc in physics from Banaras Hindu University and then Masters in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University.

74

Biman Bagchi

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बिमन बागची Biman Bagchi

Biman Bagchi (born 1954) is an Indian biophysical chemist, theoretical chemist and an Amrut Mody Professor at the Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit of the Indian Institute of Science. He is known for his studies on statistical mechanics; particularly in the study of phase transition and nucleation,...Read More

75

Benjamin Peary Pal

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बेंजामिन पीरी पाल Benjamin Peary Pal

Benjamin Peary Pal or B.P. Pal FRS (26 May 1906 – 14 September 1989) was an Indian plant breeder and agronomist who served as a director of the Indian Agricultural Research Institute in Delhi and as the first Director General of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research. He worked on wheat genetics and breeding but was also known for his interest in rose varieties.

76

Bikas Chakrabarti

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बिकास कांता चक्रवर्ती Bikas Chakrabarti

Bikas Kanta Chakrabarti (born 14 December 1952 in Calcutta) is an Indian physicist. Since January 2018, he is emeritus professor of physics at the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata, India. Chakrabarti received his Ph.D. degree from Calcutta University in 1979. Following post-doctoral work at the University of Oxford and the University of Cologne, he joined the faculty of Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP) in 1983.

Biswarup Mukhopadhyaya (born 1 August 1960) is an Indian theoretical high energy physicist and a senior professor at Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Kolkata (IISER Kolkata). Known for his research on High energy colliders, Higgs bosons, neutrinos, Mukhopadhyaya is an elected fellow...Read More

78

B. L. K. Somayajulu

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भीमिदिपति लक्ष्मीधारा कनकाद्री सोमयाजुलु B. L. K. Somayajulu

Bhmidipati Lakshmidhara Kanakadri Somayajulu (born 1937) is an Indian geochemist and a CSIR Emeritus Scientist at Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad. He is known for his studies on ancient and contemporary marine processes and is an elected fellow of several science societies such as the National...Read More

79

B. V. Sreekantan

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Badanaval Venkatasubba Sreekantan (30 June 1925- 27 October 2019) was an Indian high-energy astrophysicist and a former associate of Homi J. Bhabha at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). He was also a Dr. S. Radhakrishnan Visiting Professor at the National Institute of Advanced Studies,...Read More

80

C. Mohan

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चंद्रशेखरन मोहन C. Mohan

Chandrasekaran Mohan is an Indian-born American computer scientist. He was born on 3 August 1955 in Tamil Nadu, India. After growing up there and finishing his undergraduate studies in Chennai, he moved to the United States in 1977 for graduate studies. After having been an Indian citizen from birth,...Read More

81

Chitra Mandal

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Chitra Mandal is a chemical biologist in the field of biomolecules and their applications in health and diseases. She is currently the Director of CSIR – Indian Institute of Chemical biology in Kolkata, India. Mandal completed her PhD early on in her career from Indian Institute of Science,...Read More

कोमारवोलु चंद्रशेखर K. S. Chandrasekharan

Komaravolu Chandrasekhar (21 November 1920 – 13 April 2017) was a professor at ETH Zurich and a founding faculty member of School of Mathematics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). He is known for his work in number theory and summability. He received the Padma Shri, the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award, and the Ramanujan Medal, and he was an honorary fellow of TIFR. He was president of the International Mathematical Union (IMU) from 1971 to 1974.

Chanchal Kumar Majumdar

Chanchal Kumar Majumdar (11 August 1938 – 20 June 2000) was an Indian condensed matter physicist and the founder director of S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences. Known for his research in quantum mechanics, Majumdar was an elected fellow of all the three major Indian science academies –...Read More

84

C. S. Seshadri

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कांजिवरम श्रीरंगचारी शेषाद्रि C. S. Seshadri

Conjeevaram Srirangachari Seshadri FRS (29 February 1932 – 17 July 2020) was an Indian mathematician. He was the founder and director-emeritus of the Chennai Mathematical Institute, and is known for his work in algebraic geometry. The Seshadri constant is named after him. He was a recipient of the Padma Bhushan in 2009, the third highest civilian honor in the country.

85

D. Bap Reddy

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Dr. Dwaram Bap Reddy was a top-ranking official within the United Nations System. He served at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations for twenty one years. Reddy was a pioneer in the Indian Reddys to arrive in the United States and arrived in September 1946. He received his PhD...Read More

86

Debasish Ghose

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Debasish Ghose (born 16 May 1960) is a Professor at Department of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Science. He’s believed to have initiated work on cooperative control in India, having pioneered research on Intelligent control and multi-agents. He founded the first mobile robotics...Read More

87

Dipan Ghosh

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दिपन घोष Dipan Ghosh

Dipan Ghosh is an Indian theoretical physicist, best known for his exact enumeration of the ground state of a Heisenberg antiferromagnet, known in literature as the Majumdar–Ghosh model, which he developed with Chanchal Kumar Majumdar.

Dronamraju Krishna Rao (14 January 1937 – 3 December 2020) was an Indian-born geneticist and president of the Foundation for Genetic Research in Houston, Texas. He was born in Pithapuram, in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. One focus of his work has been the research of his mentor J. B. S. Haldane. As an author, his name is usually rendered Krishna R. Dronamraju. He died in Houston at age 83.

दौलत सिंह कोठारी Daulat Singh Kothari

Daulat Singh Kothari (6 July 1906 – 4 February 1993) was an eminent Indian scientist and educationist. D. S. Kothari was born in Udaipur in Rajasthan on 6 July 1906, son of a Jain Headmaster. His father died in the plague epidemic of 1918 and was raised by his mother. He had his early education...Read More

दादाजी रामजी खोबरागड़े Dadaji Ramaji Khobragade

Dadaji Ramaji Khobragade ( died 3 June 2018) was an Indian cultivator who bred and refined a high-yielding variety of paddy, HMT.D.R. Khobragade belonged to Mahar caste fom Nagbhid village of Chandrapur district, Maharashtra.Around 1983, Khobragade noticed a plant with slightly different appearance...Read More

91

Dattatreyudu Nori

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डॉ. दत्तात्रेयुडु नोरी Dattatreyudu Nori

Dr. Dattatreyudu Nori is a noted Indian radiation oncologist. He was once named one of the top doctors in America for the treatment of cancers in women by the women’s magazine Ladies’ Home Journal. Dr. Nori is one of the world’s leading authorities in the subspecialty of brachytherapy....Read More

दाराशा नौशेरवां वाडिया Darashaw Nosherwan Wadia

Darashaw Nosherwan Wadia FRS (23 October 1883 – 15 June 1969) was a pioneering geologist in India and among the first Indian scientists to work in the Geological Survey of India. He is remembered for his work on the stratigraphy of the Himalayas. He helped establish geological studies and investigations...Read More

93

E. S. Raja Gopal

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इरोड सुब्रमण्यन राजा गोपाल E. S. Raja Gopal

Erode Subramanian Raja Gopal (12 May 1936 – 15 November 2018) was an Indian condensed matter physicist, a former professor at the Indian Institute of Science and a former director of the National Physical Laboratory of India. Known for his research in condensed matter physics, Raja Gopal was an...Read More

94

G. Madhavan Nair

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जी माधवन नायर G. Madhavan Nair

G. Madhavan Nair (born 31 October 1943) is an Indian space scientist and a former Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation, and Secretary to the Department of Space, Government of India. He has also been the Chairman of the Space Commission and Chairman of the Governing Body of the Antrix...Read More

95

G. K. Ananthasuresh

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Gondi Kondaiah Ananthasuresh is an Indian mechanical engineer and Professor at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, India. He is best known for his work in the areas of Topology optimization, Compliant mechanism and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS).Read More

96

Giridhar Madras

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Giridhar Madras is an Indian chemical engineer and a professor at the Indian Institute of Science. He is a recipient of the Swarna Jayanti Fellowship, J C Bose National Fellowship and the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize. He has published more than 550 journal articles, fetching close to 20,000 citations....Read More

गौतम राधाकृष्ण देसिराजू Gautam Radhakrishna Desiraju

Gautam Radhakrishna Desiraju is an Indian chemist and educationist who has contributed substantially to the themes of crystal engineering and weak hydrogen bonding. He has authored books on these subjects. He has co-authored a textbook in crystal engineering (2011). He is one of the most highly cited...Read More

गजेंद्र पाल सिंह राघव Gajendra Pal Singh Raghava

Gajendra Pal Singh Raghava is an Indian bio-informatician and head of computational biology at the Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology. Raghava was born in village Nagla Karan, Bulandshahr district (UP), India in 1963. He completed his primary education from his native place Bulandshahr...Read More

गणपति थानिकिमोनी Ganapathi Thanikaimoni

Ganapathi Thanikaimoni (1 January 1938 – 5 September 1986), often referred to as Thanikaimoni was an Indian palynologist. Born on New Year’s Day, 1938 in Madras, India, Thani received the Master of Science degree in Botany in 1962 at the Presidency College, Madras under the direction of the...Read More

100

Gandikota V. Rao

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Gandikota V. Rao (15 July 1934 in Vizianagaram, India – 31 July 2004 in Mexico) was an Indian-American atmospheric scientist who chaired the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at Saint Louis University (SLU). He was a world-renowned expert on tropical meteorology, monsoon, tropical cyclones,...Read More

101

Ravi Gomatam

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Ravi Gomatam

Ravi Veeraraghavan Gomatam (born 1950, in Chennai, India) is the Director of Bhaktivedanta Institute (Berkeley and Mumbai) and the newly formed Institute of Semantic Information Sciences and Technology (Berkeley and Mumbai). He teaches graduate level courses at these institutes. He was an Adjunct...Read More

Govindarajan Padmanaban

Govindarajan Padmanaban (born 20 March 1938, in Madras) is an Indian biochemist and biotechnologist. He was the former director of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), and presently serves as honorary professor in the department of biochemistry at IISc.

103

Gursaran Talwar

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Gursaran Pran Talwar is a medical researcher working in the area of vaccines and immunocontraception. In a 1994 paper, his group demonstrated that women could be vaccinated to prevent pregnancy. Gursaran Prasad Talwar received BSc (Hons) and MSc (Tech) degrees from the University of Punjab, DSc from...Read More

104

Ganeshan Venkataraman

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Ganeshan Venkataraman is an Indian condensed matter physicist, writer and a former vice chancellor of the Sri Sathya Sai University. An elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, and the Indian Academy of Sciences. Venkataraman is a recipient of Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship, Sir C. V. Raman...Read More

105

G. Naresh Patwari

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Ganpathi Naresh Patwari (born 13 December 1972) is an Indian chemist and a professor at the Department of Chemistry of the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. Known for his studies on vibrational spectroscopy, his work is reported to have widened the understanding of the fundamental concepts in...Read More

106

Ghanshyam Swarup

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Ghanshyam Swarup (born 1953) is an Indian molecular biologist, a J. C. Bose National Fellow and the head of the Ghanshyam Swarup Research Group of the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology. He is known for his studies on glaucoma and the discovery of protein tyrosine phosphatase, a new protein...Read More

107

Govind Swarup

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गोविंद स्वरूप Govind Swarup

Govind Swarup (March 23, 1929 – September 7, 2020) was a radio astronomer and one of the pioneers of radio astronomy, known not only for his many important research contributions in several areas of astronomy and astrophysics, but also for his outstanding achievements in building ingenious, innovative...Read More

108

Gopinath Kartha

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Gopinath Kartha (26 January 1927 – 18 June 1984) was a prominent crystallographer of Indian origin. In 1967, he determined the molecular structure of the enzyme ribonuclease. This was the first protein structure elucidated and published in the United States.

109

H. R. Krishnamurthy

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हुलीकल रामईंगर कृष्णमूर्ति H. R. Krishnamurthy

Hulikal Ramaiengar Krishnamurthy (born 1951) is an Indian theoretical physicist. He specializes in theoretical condensed matter physics, especially quantum many-body theory and statistical physics. He was the chairman of the Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science. He is one of the research scholars who worked under Prof. Kenneth G. Wilson. His main work was titled Renormalization Group Approach to the Anderson Model of Dilute Magnetic Alloys.

110

Halayudha

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Halayudha was a 10th-century Indian mathematician who wrote the Mṛtasañjīvanī, a commentary on Pingala’s Chandaḥśāstra. The latter contains a clear description of Pascal’s triangle (called meru-prastāra). Halayudha originally resided at the Rashtrakuta capital Manyakheta, where...Read More

111

Himmatrao Bawaskar

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Himmatrao Saluba Bawaskar is an Indian physician from Mahad, Maharashtra who has been published in the British medical journal The Lancet. He is well known for his research on treatment for scorpion poisoning. His most cited paper on the subject is Scorpion Sting: Update, published in the Journal of the Association of Physicians of India. His Alma mater is B. J. Medical College in Pune.
Bawaskar is involved in the fight against corruption in medicine.

112

Homi Sethna

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होमी सेठना Homi Sethna

Homi Nusserwanji Sethna (24 August 1923 – 5 September 2010) was an Indian nuclear scientist and a chemical engineer, gaining international fame as the Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission (India) during the time when the first nuclear test, codename Smiling Buddha in Pokhran Test Range in 1974...Read More

113

Hari Balakrishnan

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Hari Balakrishnan is the Fujitsu Professor of Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT, and the Co-founder and CTO at Cambridge Mobile Telematics.Balakrishnan was born in Nagpur, India, and was raised in Bombay (Mumbai) and...Read More

114

Indrani Bose

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Indrani Bose (born 15 August 1951) is an Indian physicist, senior Professor at Department of Physics, Bose Institute, Kolkata. Her fields of specialization are in theoretical condensed matter, quantum information theory, statistical physics, biological physics and systems.

115

Jyeshtharaj Joshi

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ज्येष्ठराज भालचंद्र जोशी Jyeshtharaj Joshi

Jyeshtharaj Bhalchandra Joshi is an Indian chemical engineer, nuclear scientist, consultant and teacher, widely known for his innovations in nuclear reactor designs and generally regarded as a respected teacher. He is the DAE-Homi Bhabha Chair Professor, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, and...Read More

116

Gyan Chandra Ghosh

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ज्ञानचन्द्र घोष Jnan Chandra Ghosh

Sir Gyan Chandra Ghosh (4 September 1894 – 21 January 1959) was an Indian chemist best known for his contribution to the development of scientific research, industrial development and technology education in India.He served as the director of newly formed Eastern Higher Technical Institute in 1950,...Read More

117

Jasbir Singh Bajaj

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Jasbir Singh Bajaj was an Indian physician and diabetologist. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian award, for his outstanding contribution to the medical sciences and research, and his efforts to improve the healthcare delivery system. Earlier he was decorated...Read More

118

Jitendra Nath Goswami

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जितेन्द्रनाथ गोस्वामी Jitendra Nath Goswami

Jitendranath Goswami (born 18 November 1950) is an Indian scientist from Jorhat, Assam. He was the Chief Scientist of Chandrayaan-1, and was also the developer of this project. He served as a director of Physical Research Laboratory situated at Ahmadabad, Gujarat. He was also associated with Chandrayaan-2 and Mangalyaan.

119

K. R. Ramanathan

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कालपति रामकृष्ण रामनाथन K. R. Ramanathan

Diwan Bahadur Kalpathi Ramakrishna Ramanathan FNA, FASc, FIAS, Hon.FRMetS (28 February 1893 – 31 December 1984) was an Indian physicist and meteorologist. He was the first Director of Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad. From 1954 to 1957, Ramanathan was President of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG). Ramanathan was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1965 and Padma Vibhushan in 1976.

120

K. Sridhar

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K. Sridhar (born 27 May 1961) is an Indian scientist conducting research in the area of theoretical high energy physics and a writer of fiction. K. Sridhar obtained a PhD in Physics in 1990 from Mumbai University. After his doctoral studies he worked in the University of London and CERN, Geneva. He...Read More

121

Kailas Nath Kaul

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कैलाशनाथ कौल Kailas Nath Kaul

Kailas Nath Kaul (1905–1983) was an Indian botanist, naturalist, agricultural scientist, horticulturist, herbalist, plant collector and herpetologist, and a world authority on Arecaceae. He founded India’s National Botanical Research Institute and was instrumental in organizing the country’s...Read More

122

Kamala Sohonie

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कमला सोहोनी Kamala Sohonie

Kamala Sohonie (18 June 1911 – 28 June 1998) was a pioneering Indian biochemist who in 1939 became the first Indian woman to receive a PhD in a scientific discipline. Her acceptance into and work at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, paved the way for women to be accepted into the institution...Read More

123

Kavita Shah

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Kavita Shah is an Indian environmental biotechnologist at the Institute of Environmental and Sustainable Development, Banaras Hindu University. She is one of the six directors and the only women director of Banaras Hindu University (BHU). She is notable for her role in the area of Environmental Biotechnology,...Read More

124

Kedareswar Banerjee

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केदारेश्वर बनर्जी Kedareswar Banerjee

Kedareswar Banerjee (15 September 1900 – 30 April 1975) was an X-ray crystallographer and director of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata. Early in his career he determined the structures of naphthalene and anthracene. In 1931, he worked with Sir William Henry Bragg and...Read More

125

Kewal Krishan

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डॉ. केवल कृष्ण Kewal Krishan

Dr. Kewal Krishan, an Indian forensic anthropologist, is Associate Professor of physical anthropology and former Chair of Department of Anthropology at Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. He has contributed to the development of forensic anthropology in India. He is one of the very few forensic...Read More

प्रो. कोटचेर्लकोता रंगधाम राव Kotcherlakota Rangadhama Rao

Prof. Kotcherlakota Rangadhama Rao (9 September 1898 – 20 June 1972) was an Indian physicist in the field of Spectroscopy.Rangadhama Rao is best known for his work on spectroscopy, his role in the development of Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR), and his long association with the physics laboratories...Read More

कृष्णास्वामी कस्तूरीरंगन Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan

Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan (born 24 October 1940) is an Indian space scientist who headed the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) from 1994 to 2003. He is presently Chancellor of Central University of Rajasthan and NIIT University. He is the former chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University and...Read More

कृत्तुंजय प्रसाद सिन्हा Krityunjai Prasad Sinha

Krityunjai Prasad Sinha (born 5 July 1929) is an Indian theoretical physicist and an emeritus professor the Indian Institute of Science. Known for his research in solid state physics and cosmology, Sinha is an elected fellow of all the three major Indian science academies – the Indian National Science...Read More

129

K. Sivan

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कैलासवटिवु शिवन् K. Sivan

Kailasavadivoo Sivan (born 14 April 1957) is an Indian space scientist who is the current Secretary (Space) and ex-officio chairman of Indian Space Research Organisation and Space Commission. He has previously served as the Director of the Vikram Sarabhai Space Center and the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre.

130

K. Ananda Rau

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के. आनंदा राउ K. Ananda Rau

K. Ananda Rau (21 September 1893 – 22 January 1966) was an eminent Indian mathematician and a contemporary of Ramanujan. Though Rau was six years junior to Ramanujan, his mathematical trajectory, unlike Ramanujan’s, was very much a conventional one and he had decided to pursue a career in mathematics well before Ramanujan’s prowess became known.

131

K. S. R. Krishna Raju

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के.एस. आर. कृष्णा राजू K. S. R. Krishna Raju

K. S. R. Krishna Raju (11 March 1948 – 22 July 2002) was an Indian ornithologist who worked extensively in the Eastern Ghats of Vishakapatnam. He conducted multiple avifaunal surveys, ringed birds and collaborated with other ornithologists including Dillon Ripley and Salim Ali. His studies provided...Read More

132

K. N. Shankara

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कुडली नंजुंडा घनपति शंकर K. N. Shankara

Koodli Nanjunda Ghanapathi Shankara was a space scientist from India. He was the Director of ISRO’s Space Applications Centre (SAC), Ahmedabad and ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC), Bangalore. He was the Director of Satellite Communications Program Office and Program Director, INSAT, and was looking...Read More

133

K. R. K. Easwaran

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Kalpathy Ramaier Katchap Easwaran (born 1939) is an Indian molecular biophysicist, academic and a former Astra Chair Professor and Chairman of the department of molecular biophysics of the Indian Institute of Science. He is known for his contributions in the development of anti-fungal drugs and for...Read More

134

Kamanio Chattopadhyay

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कमानियो चट्टोपाध्याय Kamanio Chattopadhyay

Kamanio Chattopadhyay (born 1950) is an Indian materials engineer and an honorary professor at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru.
He is the chair of the Mechanical Sciences Division of IISc and a former chair of the Department of Materials Engineering.Chattopadhyay is best known for...Read More

लीलाबती भट्टाचार्जी Lilabati Bhattacharjee

Lilabati Bhattacharjee (née Ray) was a mineralogist, crystallographer and a physicist. She studied with scientist Satyendra Nath Bose, and completed her MSc in Physics from the Rajabazar Science College campus of University of Calcutta in 1951. Mrs Bhattacharjee worked in the fields of structural...Read More

136

Lov Grover

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Lov Kumar Grover (born 1961) is an Indian-American computer scientist. He is the originator of the Grover database search algorithm used in quantum computing. Grover’s 1996 algorithm won renown as the second major algorithm proposed for quantum computing (after Shor’s 1994 algorithm),...Read More

137

L. A. Ramdas

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Lakshminarayanapuram Ananthakrishnan Ramdas (3 June 1900–1 January 1979) was an Indian physicist and meteorologist, known for discovering the atmospheric phenomenon of the Ramdas layer or Lifted Temperature Minimum where the lowest temperature in the atmosphere is not on the ground but a few tens of centimeters above the ground resulting. This can be seen in thin layer fogs which are at some height above the ground. He has been called the father of agricultural meteorology in India.

138

M. G. K. Menon

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एम गोविंद कुमार मेनन M. G. K. Menon

Mambillikalathil Govind Kumar Menon (28 August 1928 – 22 November 2016) also known as M. G. K. Menon, was a physicist and policy maker from India. He had a prominent role in the development of science and technology in India over four decades. One of his most important contributions was nurturing...Read More

139

M. L. Madan

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Moti Lal Madan (born 1939) is an Indian biotechnology researcher, veterinarian, academic and administrator.
From 1994 to 1995, Madan served as Director (Research) of the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) in Karnal and was later, from 1995 to 1999, Deputy Director General (Animal Science)...Read More

140

M. O. P. Iyengar

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Madura S. Balakrishnan (1917–1990) was born and raised in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. He was a well-known botanist and he served various government positions and worked for some time at the University of Pune (Currently known as Savitribai Phule Pune University). He was the student of phycologist Professor M.O.P. Iyengar. The standard author abbreviation M.S.Balakr. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.

141

M. S. Balakrishnan

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Madura S. Balakrishnan (1917–1990) was born and raised in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. He was a well-known botanist and he served various government positions and worked for some time at the University of Pune (Currently known as Savitribai Phule Pune University). He was the student of phycologist Professor M.O.P. Iyengar. The standard author abbreviation M.S.Balakr. is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.

142

Madhav Gadgil

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माधव गाडगिल Madhav Gadgil

Madhav Dhananjaya Gadgil (born 1942) is an Indian ecologist, academic, writer, columnist and the founder of the Centre for Ecological Sciences, a research forum under the aegis of the Indian Institute of Science. He is a former member of the Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister of India...Read More

अनीता महादेवन-जानसेन Anita Mahadevan-Jansen

Anita Mahadevan-Jansen is a Professor of Biomedical Engineering and holds the Orrin H. Ingram Chair in Biomedical Engineering at Vanderbilt University. Her research considers the development of optical techniques for clinical diagnosis and surgical guidance, particularly using Raman and fluorescence...Read More

144

Man Mohan Sharma

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मनमोहन शर्मा Man Mohan Sharma

Man Mohan Sharma FREng (born May 1, 1937 in Jodhpur, Rajasthan) is an Indian chemical engineer. He was educated at Jodhpur, Mumbai, and Cambridge. At age 27, he was appointed Professor of Chemical Engineering in the Institute of Chemical Technology, Mumbai. He later went on to become the Director...Read More

145

M. R. S. Rao

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मनचनाहल्ली रंगास्वामी सत्यनारायण राव M. R. S. Rao

Manchanahalli Rangaswamy Satyanarayana Rao known by the abbreviation M. R. S. Rao, is an Indian scientist, born on 21 January 1948 at Mysore, India. He has been awarded the fourth highest civilian award Padma Shri in Science and Engineering category (year 2010) by the Government of India. He was the President of Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bangalore, India (2003-2013)

146

Moni Lal Bhoumik

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मणि लाल भौमिक Moni Lal Bhoumik

Mani Lal Bhaumik is an Indian-born American physicist and a bestselling author. Receiving a Sloan Foundation Fellowship in 1959, Bhaumik went to the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) for post doctoral studies. In 1961, he joined the Quantum Electronics Division at Xerox Electro-Optical Systems in Pasadena and began his career as a laser scientist. Concurrently, he taught Quantum physics and Astronomy at the California State University at Long Beach.

147

Manindra Agrawal

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मणीन्द्र अग्रवाल Manindra Agrawal

Manindra Agrawal (born 20 May 1966) is a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering and the Deputy Director at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He was also the recipient of the first Infosys Prize for Mathematics and the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Award in Mathematical Sciences in 2003. He has been honored with Padma Shri in 2013.

148

Manjula Reddy

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मंजुला रेड्डी Manjula Reddy

Manjula Reddy (born 1965) is an Indian bacterial geneticist. She is the chief scientist at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology in Hyderabad, India. In 2019, she won the Infosys Prize in Life Sciences for her work on bacterial cell wall structure and synthesis. She is a Fellow of the Telangana Academy of Sciences and the Indian Academy of Sciences.

माथुकुमल्ली विद्यासागर Mathukumalli Vidyasagar

Mathukumalli Vidyasagar FRS (born 29 September 1947) is a leading control theorist and a Fellow of Royal Society. He is currently a Distinguished Professor in Electrical Engineering at IIT Hyderabad. Previously he was the Cecil & Ida Green (II) Chair of Systems Biology Science at the University...Read More

150

Michael Lobo

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माइकल लोबो Michael Lobo

Michael Lobo (born 12 September 1953) is an Indian scientist, writer, and genealogist. He is the author of three self-published books on the Catholic community in Mangalore, India. In 1984, Lobo moved to England where he entered the Cranfield Institute of Technology on a Commonwealth Scholarship,...Read More

151

Mirza Faizan

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मिर्ज़ा फैजान Mirza Faizan

Mirza Faizan is an Indian aerospace scientist who developed the Ground Reality Information Processing System (GRIPS).Faizan attended St Karen’s School, Patna, and graduated from Patna University, followed by work in master of computer application at Manipal Institute of Technology, and in embedded...Read More

152

M. Visvesvaraya

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मोक्षगुंडम विश्वेश्वरय्या M. Visvesvaraya

Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya FASc, more commonly known as Sir MV (15 September 1860 – 14 April 1962), was an Indian Civil Engineer (he persued his degree from one of the Best Engineering College at that time and 3rd Oldest college in Asia College of Engineering, Pune) and statesman and the 19th...Read More

153

Manoj Kumar Jaiswal

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मनोज कुमार जायसवाल Manoj Kumar Jaiswal

Manoj Kumar Jaiswal is an Indian neuroscientist. He is the full-time faculty (Instructor) in the Department of Psychiatry at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. In Jan 2008 he received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Göttingen in Germany. He was a Postdoctoral Fellow in 2009 at the...Read More

154

Mylswamy Annadurai

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एम. अन्नादुरै Mylswamy Annadurai

Mylswamy Annadurai, popularly known as Moon Man of India, is an Indian scientist working as vice president for Tamil Nadu State Council for Science and Technology (TNSCST), Chairman, Board of Governors, National Design and Research Forum(NDRF. He was born on 2 July 1958, in a village called Kothavadi...Read More

155

Madan Rao

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मदन राव Madan Rao

Madan Rao (born 11 July 1960) is an Indian condensed matter and biological physicist and a senior professor at National Centre for Biological Sciences. Known for his research on molecular dynamics on cell surface, Rao is an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences and the Indian National Science...Read More

156

M. S. Narasimhan

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मुडुंबई शेषचालु नरसिंहन M. S. Narasimhan

Mudumbai Seshachalu Narasimhan FRS (born 7 June 1932) is an Indian mathematician. He is known, along with C. S. Seshadri, for their proof of the Narasimhan–Seshadri theorem, and both were elected as Fellows of the Royal Society. He has been the only Indian to receive the King Faisal International Prize in the field of science.

157

M. S. Raghunathan

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एम.एस. रघुनाथ M. S. Raghunathan

Madabusi Santanam “M. S.” Raghunathan is an Indian mathematician. He is currently Head of the National Centre for Mathematics, Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai. Formerly Professor of eminence at TIFR in Homi Bhabha Chair. Raghunathan received his PhD in Mathematics from (TIFR), University...Read More

158

Maneesha S. Inamdar

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मनीषा एस. इनामदार Maneesha S. Inamdar

Maneesha S. Inamdar (born 25 February 1967) is an Indian developmental biologist specializing in stem cell research. She is a Professor and Chair at the Molecular Biology and Genetics Unit of the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR). She was as an adjunct faculty at the Institute for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine (inStem) and is an elected fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences and the Indian National Science Academy.

159

Nagendra Kumar Singh

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नागेंद्र कुमार सिंह Nagendra Kumar Singh

Nagendra Kumar Singh is an Indian agricultural scientist. He is a National Professor (Dr. B.P. Pal Chair) under ICAR at National Research Centre for Plant Biotechnology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi. He was born in a small village called Rajapur in the Mau District of Uttar Pradesh....Read More

160

Nambi Narayanan

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नंबी नारायणन Nambi Narayanan

S. Nambi Narayanan (12 December 1941) is an Indian scientist and aerospace engineer and Padma Bhushan award winner. As a senior official at the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), he was in-charge of the cryogenics division. In 1994, he was falsely charged with espionage and arrested. The charges...Read More

161

Nandini Harinath

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Nandini Harinath is a rocket scientist at ISRO’s (Indian Space Research Organisation) Satellite Centre in Bengaluru. She is a part of the Mars Orbiter Mission , Maangalyaan . She has co-authored a research paper on mission planning, analysis and operations—Outline of key components.

162

Naresh Dadhich

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Naresh Dadhich (born September 1, 1944) is a theoretical physicist, formerly at Inter-University Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA). He was also the director of IUCAA until August 31, 2009. Presently he holds the M.A. Ansari Chair in Theoretical Physics at Centre for Theoretical Physics,...Read More

163

Nitya Anand

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Nitya Anand is a scientist who was the director of Central Drug Research Institute in Lucknow for several years. In 2005, Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) appointed him chairman of its scientific committee. In 2012, he was awarded the Padma Shri by the Indian government.

Narasimhaiengar Mukunda (born 25 January 1939, New Delhi, India) is an Indian theoretical physicist.Mukunda’s higher education began at Delhi University where he was granted a B.Sc. (Hon) degree in 1953. For his Ph.D. he studied at University of Rochester with E. C. G. Sudarshan and graduated...Read More

165

Nilamber Pant

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Nilamber Pant is an Indian space scientist, a former member of the Space Commission of India and a pioneer of satellite based communication and broadcasting in India. He served at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre and the ISRO Satellite Centre before becoming the vice chairman of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest Indian civilian honour of Padma Shri in 1984.

166

Obaid Siddiqi

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उबैद सिद्दिकी Obaid Siddiqi

Obaid Siddiqi FRS (7 January 1932 – 26 July 2013) was an Indian National Research Professor and the Founder-Director of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) National Center for Biological Sciences. He made seminal contributions to the field of behavioural neurogenetics using the genetics and neurobiology of Drosophila.

167

Padmanabhan Balaram

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Padmanabhan Balaram is an Indian biochemist and a former director of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore, India. He is a recipient of the third highest Indian civilian honour of Padma Bhushan (2014) as well as the TWAS Prize (1994). Balaram received his bachelor’s degree in Chemistry...Read More

168

Pamposh Bhat

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Pamposh Bhat (born 19 September, Bhopal, India) is a New Delhi-based environmentalist and award-winning writer. Bhat has been awarded the prestigious Rajbhasha Award for Poetry in 1995 for her work “Kshitij Ki Khoj Mein” (In search of the Horizon).
Active in public life, she serves...Read More

पांडुरंग सदाशिव खानखोजे Pandurang Sadashiv Khankhoje

Pandurang Sadashiv Khankhoje (7 November 1884 – 22 January 1967) was an Indian revolutionary, scholar, agricultural scientist and historian who was among the founding fathers of the Ghadar Party. Khankhoje was born in November 1884 to a Marathi Deshastha Rigvedi Brahmin (DRB) family at Wardha, where...Read More

पच्चा रामचंद्र राव Patcha Ramachandra Rao

Patcha Ramachandra Rao (21 March 1942 – 10 January 2010) was a metallurgist and administrator. He has the unique distinction of being the only Vice-Chancellor (2002–05) of the Banaras Hindu University (BHU) who was also a student (1963–68) and faculty (1964–92) at that institution. From 1992...Read More

171

P. R. Pisharoty

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पिशरोथ राम पिशरोती P. R. Pisharoty

Pisharoth Rama Pisharoty (10 February 1909 – 24 September 2002) was an Indian physicist and meteorologist, and is considered to be the father of remote sensing in India. P. R. Pisharoty was born on 10 February 1909 in the town of Kollengode in the Indian state of Kerala. His parents were Sivaramakrishnan...Read More

प्रहलाद चुन्नीलाल वैद्य Prahalad Chunnilal Vaidya

Prahalad Chunnilal Vaidya (P.C.Vaidya; 23 May 1918 – 12 March 2010), was an Indian physicist and mathematician, renowned for his instrumental work in the general theory of relativity. Apart from his scientific career, he was also an educationist and a follower of Gandhian philosophy in post-independence India, specifically in his domicile state Gujarat.

173

Pranav Mistry

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प्रणव मिस्त्री Pranav Mistry

Pranav Mistry (born 14 May 1981) is a computer scientist and inventor. He is the President and CEO of STAR Labs (Samsung Technology & Advanced Research Labs) since October 2019. He is best known for his work on SixthSense, Samsung Galaxy Gear and Project Beyond.

प्रवीण कुमार गोरकावी Praveen Kumar Gorakavi

Praveen Kumar Gorakavi (born 24 May 1989) is an Indian scientist, chemical engineer, inventor and consultant, recognised as a polymath and former child prodigy for his works in science and engineering from childhood.Praveen Kumar Gorakavi has co-founded The Phi Factory, a socially conscious R&I initiative that develops one social innovation for every three commercial technologies it develops.

175

Prem Chand Pandey

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प्रेम चंद पाण्डेय Prem Chand Pandey

Prem Chand Pandey is an Indian scientist and academic in the fields of Satellite Oceanography, Remote Sensing, Atmospheric Science, Antarctic and Climate Change. Pandey obtained his masters and bachelor’s degrees in Electronics and science respectively from Allahabad University. He completed his D.Phil. degree from the same university (on microwaves) in 1972.

176

Panchanan Maheshwari

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Panchanan Maheswari (9 November 1904 – 18 May 1966) was a prominent Indian botanist noted chiefly for his invention of the technique of test-tube fertilization of angiosperms. This invention has allowed the creation of new hybrid plants that could not previously be crossbred naturally.

177

Prabhu Lal Bhatnagar

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प्रभु लाल भटनागर Prabhu Lal Bhatnagar

Prabhu Lal Bhatnagar (8 August 1912 – 5 October 1976), commonly addressed as P. L. Bhatnagar, was an Indian mathematician known for his contribution to the Bhatnagar–Gross–Krook operator used in Lattice Boltzmann methods (LBM).

178

Phoolan Prasad

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फूलन प्रसाद Phoolan Prasad

Phoolan Prasad (born 1 January 1944) is an Indian mathematician who specialised in Partial differential equations, fluid mechanics. He was awarded in 1983 the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, the highest science award in India, in the mathematical sciences category. He is also a Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy (INSA).

179

Purnima Sinha

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पूर्णिमा सिन्हा Purnima Sinha

Dr. Purnima Sinha (12 October 1927 – 11 July 2015) was an Indian physicist and was one of the first Bengali women to receive a doctorate in physics. She did tremendous work in the field of x-ray crystallography of clay minerals. She was raised by a progressive family in a traditional era. She was able to further her education and led a life where she was able to pursue her passion of physics and engage in a artistic activities such as singing, painting, and writing.

180

Predhiman Krishan Kaw

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प्रद्युम्न कृष्ण काव Predhiman Krishan Kaw

Predhiman Krishan Kaw (15 January 1948 – 18 June 2017) was an Indian plasma physicist. He had been the founding director of the Institute for Plasma Research and served the institute as the director from 1986 to 2012. Kaw was born on 15 January 1948 in Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir), India. He matriculated...Read More

181

Probir Roy

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प्रबीर रॉय Probir Roy

Probir Roy (born 4 October 1942) is an Indian particle physicist and a former professor at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. He is also a senior scientist of the Indian National Science Academy at Bose Institute and a former Raja Ramanna fellow of Department of Atomic Energy at Saha Institute...Read More

182

P. K. Iyengar

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Padmanabha Krishnagopala Iyengar (29 June 1931 – 21 December 2011; best known as P. K. Iyengar), was an Indian nuclear physicist who is widely known for his central role in the development of the nuclear program of India. Iyengar previously served as the director of BARC and former chairman of the...Read More

183

Prem Shanker Goel

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प्रेम शंकर गोयल Prem Shanker Goel

Prem Shanker Goel is an Indian space scientist, former secretary at the Department of Ocean Development, Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India and a former director of Indian Space Research Organization. He was honored by the Government of India, in 2001, with the fourth highest Indian civilian award of Padma Shri.

184

P. Kunhikrishnan

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P. Kunhikrishnan (born 30 May 1961) is a Space Scientist from India. Currently, he is a Distinguished Scientist (Apex Scale) & Director of U.R.Rao Satellite Centre (URSC), in Bengaluru, India. He is a member of Space Commission, Government of India.

185

Ram Rajasekharan

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राम राजशेखरन Ram Rajasekharan

Ram Rajasekharan (born 25 December 1960) is an Indian plant biologist, food technologist and a former director of the Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), a constituent laboratory of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. Known for his studies on plant lipid metabolism,...Read More

रघुनाथ अनंत माशेलकर Raghunath Anant Mashelkar

Raghunath Anant Mashelkar, also known as Ramesh Mashelkar, (born 1 January 1943) is an Indian Chemical Engineer, born in a village Mashel in Goa and brought up in Maharashtra. He is a former Director General of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). He was also the President of...Read More

187

Raj Reddy

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राज रेड्डी Raj Reddy

Dabbala Rajagopal “Raj” Reddy (born 13 June 1937) is an Indian-American computer scientist and a winner of the Turing Award. He is one of the early pioneers of Artificial Intelligence and has served on the faculty of Stanford and Carnegie Mellon for over 50 years. He was the founding director...Read More

188

Raja Ramanna

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राजा रमन्ना Raja Ramanna

Raja Ramanna (28 January 1925 – 24 September 2004) was an Indian physicist who is best known for his role in India’s nuclear program during its early stages.
Having joined the nuclear program in 1964, Ramanna worked under Homi Jehangir Bhabha, and later became the director of this program...Read More

189

Rajeev Motwani

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राजीव मोटवानी Rajeev Motwani

Rajeev Motwani ( March 26, 1962 – June 5, 2009) was a professor of Computer Science at Stanford University whose research focused on theoretical computer science. He was an early advisor and supporter of companies including Google and PayPal, and a special advisor to Sequoia Capital. He was a winner of the Gödel Prize in 2001.

190

Rajeev Kumar Varshney

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राजीव कुमार वार्ष्णेय Rajeev Kumar Varshney

Rajeev Kumar Varshney (born 13 July 1973) is an agricultural scientist, specializing in genomics, genetics, molecular breeding and capacity building in developing countries. He is engaged in discovering, developing, and delivering innovative R&D solutions to tackle wicked problems facing global...Read More

191

Rajesh Gopakumar

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राजेश गोपकुमार Rajesh Gopakumar

Rajesh Gopakumar (born 1967 in Kolkata, India) is a theoretical physicist and the director of the International Centre for Theoretical Sciences (ICTS-TIFR) in Bangalore, India. He was previously a professor at Harish-Chandra Research Institute (HRI) in Allahabad, India. He is known for his work on topological string theory.

192

Ram Chet Chaudhary

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Ram Chet Chaudhary is an Indian agricultural scientist. Born and educated in India, he taught in various agricultural universities in India and went on to study in Germany. His works on agriculture have been published across the world and form part of the curriculum in many Indian agriculture universities....Read More

193

Radhanath Sikdar

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राधानाथ सिकदार Radhanath Sikdar

Radhanath Sikdar ( October 1813 – 17 May 1870) was an Indian Bengali mathematician who is best known for calculating the height of Mount Everest. In 1831, George Everest, the Surveyor General of India, was in the pursuit of a mathematician who had specialised in Spherical Trigonometry, so that they...Read More

194

Ranajit Chakraborty

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रणजीत चक्रवर्ती Ranajit Chakraborty

Ranajit Chakraborty (April 17, 1946 – September 23, 2018) was a human and population geneticist. At the time of his death, he was Director of the Center for Computational Genomics at the Institute of Applied Genetics and Professor in the Department of Forensic and Investigative Genetics at the University...Read More

Ravindra Shripad Kulkarni (born 1942) is an Indian mathematician, specializing in differential geometry. He is known for the Kulkarni–Nomizu product. Ravi S. Kulkarni received in 1968 his Ph.D. from Harvard University under Shlomo Sternberg with thesis Curvature and Metric. For the academic year...Read More

196

Ramesh Raskar

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रमेश रसकर Ramesh Raskar

Ramesh Raskar is a Massachusetts Institute of Technology Associate Professor and head of the MIT Media Lab’s Camera Culture research group. Previously he worked as a Senior Research Scientist at Mitsubishi Electric Research Laboratories (MERL) during 2002 to 2008. He holds over ninety patents...Read More

197

Ratan Lal Brahmachary

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रतन लाल ब्रह्मचारी Ratan Lal Brahmachary

Ratan Lal Brahmachary (1932 – 13 February 2018) was a distinguished biochemist and a pioneer of tiger pheromone studies in India. He was widely known for his research in pheromones, although his academic background based on Physics, specifically on astrophysics under guidance of S.N. Bose. Brahmachary...Read More

राजगोपाल चिदंबरम Rajagopala Chidambaram

Rajagopala Chidambaram (born 12 November 1936) is an Indian Physicist who is known for his integral role in India’s nuclear weapons program; he coordinated test preparation for the Pokhran-I (1975) and Pokhran-II (1998). Previously served as the principal scientific adviser to the federal Government...Read More

199

Rama Govindarajan

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Rama Govindarajan is an Indian scientist specialized in the field of fluid dynamics. She previously worked at the Engineering Mechanics Unit of the
Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research from 1998-2012 and as a professor at the TIFR Hyderabad Centre for Interdisciplinary Sciences...Read More

200

Ramamurti Rajaraman

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Ramamurti Rajaraman (born 11 March 1939) is an Emeritus Professor of Theoretical Physics at the School of Physical Sciences at Jawaharlal Nehru University. He was also the co-Chairman of the International Panel on Fissile Materials and a member of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists’ Science...Read More

201

Ritu Karidhal

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ऋतु करिधाल Ritu Karidhal

Dr. Ritu Karidhal Srivastava is an Indian scientist working with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). She was a Deputy Operations Director to India’s Mars orbital mission, Mangalyaan. She has been referred to as a “Rocket Woman” of India. She was born and brought up in Lucknow and is an aerospace engineer.

202

Raghavan Narasimhan

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राघवन नरसिम्हन Raghavan Narasimhan

Raghavan Narasimhan (August 31, 1937 – October 3, 2015) was an Indian mathematician at the University of Chicago who worked on real and complex manifolds and who solved the Levi problem for complex manifolds. He attended Loyola College in Madras, where, like many other well-known Indian mathematicians,...Read More

203

Rohini Balakrishnan

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Rohini Balakrishnan is an Indian bioacoustics expert. She is a senior Professor and Chair of the Centre for Ecological Sciences at Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru. Her team works on different aspects of animal communication and bioacoustics to help understand animal behaviour.

204

Ranjan Roy Daniel

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Ranjan Roy Daniel (also referred to as R. R. Daniel or Rajan Roy) (11 August 1923 – 27 March 2005) was an Indian Nagercoil born physicist who worked in the fields of cosmic rays and space physics, and remained Director Chairman of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. He also served as an advisor...Read More

205

Ravindra Kumar Sinha

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रवींद्र कुमार सिन्हा Ravindra Kumar Sinha

Ravindra Kumar Sinha (born 1 July 1954) is a Padma Shri awarded Indian biologist and environmentalist. Currently, he is Vice-Chancellor of Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University and formerly of Nalanda Open University. Previously he was the Head of the Department of Zoology at Patna University, and is...Read More

206

Salim Yusuf

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Salim Yusuf, (born 26 November 1952) is an Indian-born Canadian physician, the Marion W. Burke Chair in Cardiovascular Disease at McMaster University Medical School. He is a cardiologist and epidemiologist. Born in the town of Kottarakkara in Kerala, Yusuf studied medicine at St. John’s Medical...Read More

207

Sandip Trivedi

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Sandip Trivedi ( born 1963) is an Indian theoretical physicist working at Tata Institute for Fundamental Research (TIFR) at Mumbai, India, while he is its current Director. He is well known for his contributions to string theory, in particular finding (along with Renata Kallosh, Andrei Linde, and...Read More

208

Satish Dhawan

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सतीश धवन Satish Dhawan

Satish Dhawan (25 September 1920 – 3 January 2002) was an Indian mathematician and aerospace engineer, widely regarded as the father of experimental fluid dynamics research in India. Born in Srinagar, Dhawan was educated in India and further on in United States. Dhawan was one of the most eminent...Read More

209

Satish Kumar

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सतीश कुमार Satish Kumar

Satish Kumar (born 9 August 1936) is an Indian British activist and speaker. He has been a Jain monk, nuclear disarmament advocate and pacifist. Now living in England, Kumar is founder and Director of Programmes of the Schumacher College international centre for ecological studies, and is Editor Emeritus...Read More

210

Satya Churn Law

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Satya Churn Law (alternately transcribed as Satya Charan Law or Satyacharan Laha) (1888 – 11 December 1984) was a wealthy naturalist, amateur ornithologist, educationist and intellectual in Calcutta. He was for a while a treasurer of the Indian Statistical Institute, a Fellow of the Zoological Society...Read More

211

Seema Bhatnagar

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Seema Bhatnagar is an Indian scientist, working in the field of anticancer drug discovery. She primarily works on synthetic chemistry approaches for targeted delivery of anticancer drugs in breast cancer. Seema Bhatnagar completed her B.Sc. in Chemistry, Biology and Zoology (1992), followed by M.Sc....Read More

212

Shekhar C. Mande

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शेखर सी. मांडे Shekhar C. Mande

Shekhar C. Mande is a Structural and Computational Biologist. He did his M.Sc. in Physics from University of Nagpur. He holds Doctor of philosophy in Molecular Biophysics, from the Indian Institute of Science. Following his PhD, he joined Prof. Wim G. J. Hol as Post Doctoral Fellow at Rijksuniversiteit...Read More

213

Shipra Guha-Mukherjee

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Shipra Guha-Mukherjee (13 July 1938 – 15 September 2007) was an Indian botanist who worked on plant tissue culture, plant molecular biology, biotechnology and cell molecular biology. She died in 2007 as a result of brain cancer. Shipra Guha Mukharji the woman scientist who was behind the breakthrough discovery of “The technique of production of haploid plants through anther culture.”

214

Shiraz Minwalla

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शिराज नवल मिनवाल Shiraz Minwalla

Shiraz Naval Minwalla (born 2 January, 1972) is an Indian theoretical physicist and string theorist. He is a faculty member in the Department of Theoretical Physics at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai. Prior to his present position, he was a Harvard Junior Fellow and subsequently an Assistant Professor at Harvard University.

215

Shivram Bhoje

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Shivram Baburao Bhoje (born 9 April 1942) is a distinguished Indian nuclear scientist who worked in the field of fast-breeder nuclear reactor technology for forty years in the design, construction, operation, and research and development. Indian government has honoured him with Padma Shri in 2003, the fourth highest civilian award in India, for his distinguished service to science and engineering fields.

216

Shrinivas Kulkarni

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श्रीनिवास कुलकर्णी Shrinivas Kulkarni

Shrinivas Ramchandra Kulkarni (born 4 October 1956) is a US-based astronomer born and raised in India. He is currently a professor of astronomy and planetary science at California Institute of Technology, and he served as director of Caltech Optical Observatory (COO) at California Institute of Technology,...Read More

श्रीराम शंकर अभयंकर Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar

Shreeram Shankar Abhyankar (22 July 1930 – 2 November 2012) was an Indian American mathematician known for his contributions to algebraic geometry. He, at the time of his death, held the Marshall distinguished professor of mathematics chair at Purdue University, and was also a professor of computer...Read More

218

Siva S. Banda

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शिव सुब्रह्मण्यम बांदा Siva S. Banda

Siva Subrahmanyam Banda is an Indian-American aerospace engineer. He is Director of the Control Science Center of Excellence and Chief Scientist for the Aerospace Systems Directorate at the United States Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base. He has taught at Wright State University, the University of Dayton, and the Air Force Institute of Technology.

219

Srikumar Banerjee

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श्रीकुमार बनर्जी Srikumar Banerjee

Srikumar Banerjee is an Indian metallurgical engineer. He retired as the Chairman Atomic Energy Commission of India (AECI) and the Secretary of Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) on April 30, 2012. Prior to his stint as DAE Chairman, he was the Director of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) from April 30, 2004 to May 19, 2010. He is currently a DAE Homi Bhabha Chair Professor at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai.

सुभाष चंद्र लखोटिया Subhash Chandra Lakhotia

Subhash Chandra Lakhotia (born 1945) is an Indian cytogeneticist, academic, Distinguished Professor of zoology, and INSA senior scientist at Banaras Hindu University. He is known for his pioneering researches on Drosophila with regard to its chromosome organization and replication. A Raja Ramanna...Read More

221

Subhash Kak

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सुभाष काक Subhash Kak

Subhash Kak (born 26 March 1947, Srinagar) is an Indian-American computer scientist and a Hindutva-based historical revisionist. He is the Regents Professor of Computer Science Department at Oklahoma State University–Stillwater, an honorary visiting professor of engineering at Jawaharlal Nehru University,...Read More

222

Subhendu Guha

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सुभेंदु गुहा Subhendu Guha

Subhendu Guha is an Indian American photovoltaic scientist who invented flexible Solar shingles (photovoltaic shingles). He is known for his pioneering work in Amorphous silicon and Nanocrystalline silicon. In 1998 Dr Guha invented flexible solar cells that can be directly applied to residential roof tops.

223

Subrata Roy

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सुब्रत रॉय Subrata Roy

Subrata Roy is an India-born American inventor, educator, and scientist known for his work in plasma-based flow control and plasma-based self-sterilizing technology. He is a professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering at the University of Florida and the founding director of the Applied Physics Research Group at the University of Florida.

224

Sujoy K. Guha

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Sujoy Kumar Guha is an Indian biomedical engineer. He was born in Patna, India, 20 June 1940.He did his undergraduate degree (B.Tech.) in electrical engineering from IIT Kharagpur, followed by a master’s degree in electrical engineering at IIT, and another Master’s degree from the University...Read More

225

Sunder Lal Hora

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Dr Sunder Lal Hora FRSE FLS (2 May 1896 – 8 December 1955) was an Indian ichthyologist and was known for his biogeographical theory on the affinities of Western Ghats and Indo-Malayan forms. He was the second Indian director of the Zoological Survey of India, succeeding Baini Prashad.

226

Sunil Mukhi

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सुनील मुखी Sunil Mukhi

Sunil Mukhi is an Indian theoretical physicist working in the areas of string theory, quantum field theory and particle physics. Currently he is a physics professor at IISER Pune. He is also the dean of faculty here. He obtained a B.Sc. degree at St. Xavier’s College, Mumbai and a Ph.D. in Theoretical...Read More

227

Surendra Nath Pandeya

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प्रोफेसर सुरेंद्र नाथ पांडेय Surendra Nath Pandeya

Professor Surendra Nath Pandeya (1939 – 2012) was an Indian medicinal and organic chemist. He made several contributions in the design and discovery of anticonvulsant, antitubercular, anti-HIV, anti-cancer, antibacterial, and antimicrobial molecules. His research focused on semicarbazones, Mannich bases, thiadiazoles, benzothiazoles, and oxindole compounds.

228

Suri Bhagavantam

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Suri Bhagavantam ( 14 October 1909 – 6 February 1989) was an Indian scientist and administrator. He was Vice chancellor of Osmania University and Director of Indian Institute of Science and Defence Research and Development Organisation. Bhagavantam was born in Agiripalli, a village in Andhra Pradesh....Read More

शांत कुमार दत्तगुप्ता Sushanta Kumar Dattagupta

Sushanta Kumar Dattagupta, known better as Sushanta Dattagupta, is an Indian Condensed matter physicist. Serving as a faculty member (later director) at the SN Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences in Kolkata, Dattagupta was appointed Vice-chancellor of Visva-Bharati University. However, it was...Read More

230

Swapan Chattopadhyay

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स्वपन चट्टोपाध्याय Swapan Chattopadhyay

Swapan Chattopadhyay CorrFRSE (born December 26, 1951) is an Indian American physicist noted for his pioneering contributions of innovative concepts, techniques and developments in high energy particle colliders, coherent and incoherent light sources, ultrafast sciences in the femto- and atto- second...Read More

231

Shiva Ayyadurai

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वी.ए.शिवा अय्यादुरई Shiva Ayyadurai

V. A. Shiva Ayyadurai (born Vellayappa Ayyadurai Shiva, December 2, 1963) is an Indian-American scientist, engineer, politician, entrepreneur, and promoter of conspiracy theories and unfounded medical claims. He is notable for his widely disputed claim to be the “inventor of email”, based...Read More

सुब्बय्या शिवशंकरनारायण पिल्लई Subbayya Sivasankaranarayana Pillai

Subbayya Sivasankaranarayana Pillai (1901–1950) was an Indian mathematician specialising in number theory. His contribution to Waring’s problem was described in 1950 by K. S. Chandrasekharan as “almost certainly his best piece of work and one of the very best achievements in Indian Mathematics since Ramanujan”.

Subramanian Anantha Ramakrishna (born 30 November 1972) is a professor of physics in Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur specializing in optics and condensed matter physics. He was awarded the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, India’s highest prize for excellence in...Read More

234

Surindar Kumar Trehan

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Surindar Kumar Trehan (S.K. Trehan) was an Indian mathematician who specialised in non-linear stability in magnetohydrodynamics.
He was awarded in 1976 the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, the highest science award in India, in the mathematical sciences category. Prof....Read More

235

S. Somanath

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S. Somanath is an Indian aerospace engineer and rocket technologist. He is currently the Director of Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram. He also served as the Director of Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC), Thiruvananthapuram. Somanath is known for his contributions to launch...Read More

शिवा ब्राटा भट्टाचर्जी Siva Brata Bhattacherjee

Siva Brata (Sibabrata) Bhattacherjee (1921–2003) was a professor of physics at the University of Calcutta. He studied with the physicist Satyendra Nath Bose, and completed his doctoral thesis in solid-state physics under Bose’s supervision at University College of Science (commonly known as...Read More

237

Surajit Chandra Sinha

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सुरजीत चंद्र सिन्हा Surajit Chandra Sinha

Surajit Chandra Sinha (1926 – 27 February 2002) was an Indian anthropologist born in Durgapur Upazila, of Netrokona District, in Mymensingh Division, then in Bengal and now in Bangladesh. He was the eldest son of Maharaja Bhupendra Chandra Sinha of Susang, who was a student of Presidency College,...Read More

238

Sisir Kumar Mitra

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शिशिर कुमार मित्रा Sisir Kumar Mitra

Sisir Kumar Mitra (or Shishirkumar Mitra) MBE, FNI, FASB, FIAS, FRS (24 October 1890 – 13 August 1963) was an Indian physicist. Mitra was born in his father’s hometown of Konnagar, a suburb of Kolkata (then Calcutta) located in the Hooghly District in the Bengal Presidency (present-day West...Read More

सुब्रमणिया रंगनाथन Subramania Ranganathan

Subramania Ranganathan (1934–2016), popularly known as Ranga, was an Indian bioorganic chemist and professor and head of the department of chemistry at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He was known for his studies on synthetic and mechanistic organic chemistry and was an elected fellow...Read More

240

Sudipta Sengupta

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Sudipta Sengupta is a professor in structural geology in Jadavpur University, Calcutta, India, and a trained mountaineer. She is one of the first Indian women (along with Aditi Pant) to set foot on Antarctica. She is also popularly known in India for her book Antarctica in Bengali and numerous articles...Read More

241

Somak Raychaudhury

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सोमक रायचौधरी Somak Raychaudhury

Somak Raychaudhury is an Indian astrophysicist. He is the Director of the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune. He is on leave from Presidency University, Kolkata, India, where he is a Professor of Physics, and is also affiliated to the University of Birmingham, United...Read More

242

S. A. Hussain

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S. A. Hussain

Syed Abdulla Hussain (13 August 1944 – 30 December 2009) was an Indian ornithologist. He is best known for the work he undertook at the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) along with Salim Ali. A species of frog Nyctibatrachus hussaini from Kudremukh near his home, was named after him but the...Read More

243

Sam Pitroda

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सैम पित्रोडा Sam Pitroda

Satyan Pitroda popularly known as Sam Pitroda (born 4th May 1942) is an Indian telecom engineer, inventor and entrepreneur. He is popularly known as the Father of India’s Computer and IT Revolution as he helped Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in bringing computerization as an advisor to the PM. He was also an advisor to the PM during Dr. Manmohan Singh’s tenure. He was born Titlagarh in the eastern Indian state of Odisha. to a Gujarati family.

244

Syed Zahoor Qasim

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सैयद ज़हूर क़ासिम Syed Zahoor Qasim

Syed Zahoor Qasim (31 December 1926 – 20 October 2015) was an Indian marine biologist. Qasim helped lead India’s exploration to Antarctica and guided the other seven expeditions from 1981 to 1988. He was a Member of the Planning Commission of India from 1991 to 1996. He was the Vice Chancellor...Read More

245

Sudhir Kumar Vempati

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Sudhir Kumar Vempati is an Indian high energy physicist and a professor at the Centre for High Energy Physics of the Indian Institute of Science. He is known for his studies in neutrino physics, especially Large Hadron Collider Inverse problem and has published a number of articles, ResearchGate,...Read More

246

Shubha Tole

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Shubha Tole (born August 1967) is an Indian neuroscientist, Professor and Principal Investigator at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai, India. Her research involves investigating the development and evolution of the mammalian brain, and she has won many accolades for her work. She...Read More

247

Suchitra Sebastian

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Suchitra Sebastian is a condensed matter physicist at Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge. She is known for her work in quantum materials. In particular, she is known for the discovery of insulating materials which display simultaneous conduction-like behaviour under high magnetic fields. The World Economic Forum named her one of thirty Exceptional Young Scientists in 2013.

248

S. K. Shivakumar

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एस के शिवकुमार S. K. Shivakumar

S. K. Shivakumar (1953 – 13 April 2019) was an Indian scientist from Karnataka state who worked at the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) centres. He was awarded the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award of India, in 2015.

Shyamala “Shya” Chitaley (15 February 1918 – 31 March 2013) was an Indian American Paleobotanist who had a nearly 60-year career of teaching and research in both the United States and India. She was the founder and first curator of the paleobotany department at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, winner of the 2010 Botanical Society of America Award for Contributions to Paleobotany, and author of approximately 150 publications.

250

Shobhona Sharma

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Shobhona Sharma (born 5 February 1953) is a professor specializing in immunology, molecular biology, and biochemistry at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai. She is also the chairperson of the Department of Biological Sciences. She is a Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences and the Indian National Science Academy.

251

S. Pancharatnam

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Shivaramakrishnan Pancharatnam (1934–1969) was an Indian physicist who did significant work in the field of optics. He is noted for his discovery of a type of geometric phase sometimes known as Pancharatnam phase for polarized beams passing through crystals. He was born in Calcutta in West Bengal,...Read More

252

Shiv Ram Kashyap

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शिवराम कश्यप Shiv Ram Kashyap

Shiv Ram Kashyap (6 November 1882 – 26 November 1934) was a botanist in British India. He was a specialist on the bryophytes especially from the Himalayan region. He has been called the father of Indian bryology. Kashyap was born in Jhelum District in a family that had members in the army. He studied...Read More

253

Sambhu Nath De

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शंभू नाथ डे Sambhu Nath De

Sambhunath De (1 February 1915 – 15 April 1985) was an Indian-Bengali medical scientist and researcher, who discovered the cholera toxin, the animal model of cholera, and successfully demonstrated the method of transmission of cholera pathogen Vibrio cholerae.

254

Shyama Charan Dube

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Shyama Charan Dube (S.C.Dube) (25 July 1922 – 4 February 1996) was an Indian anthropologist and sociologist and former president of the Indian Sociological Society (1975–76). Born in Madhya Pradesh, India, Dube earned his Master’s Degree in Political Science from Nagpur University and started his professional career as a lecturer in Hislop College in Nagpur, Maharashtra. He later joined the Department of Political Science at the University of Lucknow.

255

T. V. Ramakrishnan

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तिरुप्पत्तुर वेंकटचलमूर्ति रामकृष्णन T. V. Ramakrishnan

Tiruppattur Venkatachalamurti Ramakrishnan (born 14 August 1941) is an Indian theoretical physicist known for his contributions in condensed matter physics. He is at present DAE Homi Bhabha Professor of Physics at Benaras Hindu University and also the chancellor of Tripura University.

256

T. V. Raman

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टी.वी.रमन T. V. Raman

T. V. Raman (born 4 May 1965) is a computer scientist who specializes in accessibility research. His research interests are primarily in the areas of auditory user interfaces and structured electronic documents. He has worked on speech interaction and markup technologies in the context of the World...Read More

257

Tapan Misra

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Tapan Misra is an Indian scientist who was the director of Space Applications Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation. Tapan Misra was born in 1961 in Rayagada, Odisha to father Sidheshwar Misra and mother Kamala Misra. He had qualified the IIT Joint Entrance examination with an all India rank...Read More

258

Tej P. Singh

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तेज पी० सिंह Tej P. Singh

Tej Pal Singh (born 1944) is an Indian biophysicist known for his work in the fields of Rational Structure-based drug design, Protein Structure biology and X-ray crystallography. He has played an active role in the development of drug design in the fields of Antibacterial therapeutics, Tuberculosis,...Read More

259

Thanu Padmanabhan

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तनु पद्मनाभन Thanu Padmanabhan

Thanu Padmanabhan is an Indian theoretical physicist and cosmologist whose research spans a wide variety of topics in Gravitation, Structure formation in the universe and Quantum Gravity. He has published nearly 300 papers and reviews in international journals and ten books in these areas. He has...Read More

तिरुमालाचारी रामासामी Thirumalachari Ramasami

Thirumalachari Ramasami is the former Indian Science and Technology Secretary. He assumed charge in May 2006. Prior to this assignment, he served as the Director of the Central Leather Research Institute, Chennai, India. He is a distinguished researcher and leather scientist.
He was awarded...Read More

261

Tathagat Avatar Tulsi

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तथागत अवतार तुलसी Tathagat Avatar Tulsi

Tathagat Avatar Tulsi (born 9 September 1987) is an Indian physicist, best known as a child prodigy. He completed high school at the age of 9, earned a B.Sc. at the age of 10 and a M.Sc. at the age of 12 from Patna Science College (Patna University). In August 2009, he got his Ph.D. from the Indian...Read More

262

Timothy A. Gonsalves

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टिमोथी अलॉयसियस गोंसाल्वेस Timothy A. Gonsalves

Timothy Aloysius Gonsalves (born 20 June 1954) is a computer scientist and professor. During his academic career, he has been founder/co-founder of several institutions and companies. These include founder of Nilgiri Networks (P) Ltd, co-founder of NMSWorks Software (P) Ltd, co-founder of the TeNeT...Read More

Thekkethil Kochandy Alex is an Indian space scientist. He was the director of the ISRO Satellite Centre (ISAC) of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) (2008–2012) and Member, Space Commission. He specialized in electro-optic systems and satellite technology. Starting with the first Indian satellite...Read More

तंजौर रामचंद्र अनंतरामन Tanjore Ramachandra Anantharaman

Tanjore Ramachandra Anantharaman (25 November 1927 – 19 June 2009) was one of India’s pre-eminent metallurgists and materials scientists. Anantharaman was born in Tamil Nadu, India, on 25 November 1927. He obtained his BSc (Hons.) in chemistry from Madras University in 1947, D.I.I.Sc. in Metallurgy...Read More

265

U. Aswathanarayana

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उप्पगुंडुरी अश्वत्तनारायण U. Aswathanarayana

Uppugunduri Aswathanarayana (July 1, 1928 – March 6, 2016) was the Honorary Director of the Mahadevan International Centre for Water Resources Management, India. He is counted among the doyens of geology in independent India and revered as a leading scientist from Andhra Pradesh. He studied...Read More

266

Udupi Ramachandra Rao

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उडिपी रामचंद्र राव Udupi Ramachandra Rao

Udupi Ramachandra Rao (10 March 1932 – 24 July 2017) was an Indian space scientist and chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation. He was also the Chairman of the Governing Council of the Physical Research Laboratory at Ahmedabad and Nehru Planetarium at Bengaluru and chancellor of the Indian...Read More

267

Uma Ramakrishnan

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Uma Ramakrishnan is an Indian molecular ecologist working as an assistant professor at National Centre for Biological Sciences (NCBS), Bangalore. Her research investigates population genetics and evolutionary history of mammals in the Indian subcontinent, including work to save India’s tigers. She is the first Indian to receive the Parker-Gentry Award. In July 2019, she was elected as a fellow to the Indian National Science Academy.

268

Uddhab Bharali

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Uddhab Bharali, (born 7 April 1962) is an Indian inventor from the Lakhimpur district of Assam. Bharali is credited with about 118 innovations, starting from the late 1980s. Bharali was born on 7 April 1962 in the Lakhimpur district of Assam. His father was a businessman.

269

Upinder Singh Bhalla

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उपिंदर सिंह भल्ला Upinder Singh Bhalla

Upinder Singh Bhalla (born 1963) is an Indian computational neuroscientist, academic and a professor at National Centre for Biological Sciences of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. He is known for his studies on neuronal and synaptic signalling in memory and olfactory coding using computational...Read More

270

V. Balakrishnan

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वी.बालाकृष्णन V. Balakrishnan

V. Balakrishnan (born 1943 as Venkataraman Balakrishnan) is an Indian theoretical physicist who has worked in a number of fields of areas, including particle physics, many-body theory, the mechanical behavior of solids, dynamical systems, stochastic processes, and quantum dynamics. He is an accomplished...Read More

271

V. K. Saraswat

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विजय कुमार सारस्वत V. K. Saraswat

Vijay Kumar Saraswat is an Indian scientist who formerly served as the Director General of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Chief Scientific Advisor to the Indian Minister of Defence. He retired on 31 May 2013 and presently member of NITI Aayog i.e. Planning Commission...Read More

272

V. K. Aatre

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Vasudev Kalkunte Aatre (born 1939) is an Indian scientist and former head of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), India’s premier Defence research and development organization. In that capacity, he also served as the Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister (Raksha Mantri). He is a recipient of the Padma Vibhushan award.

273

V. S. Huzurbazar

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Vasant Shankar Huzurbazar was an Indian statistician from Kolhapur. Huzurbazar was the founder head of the department of statistics, University of Pune from 1953 to 1976. From 1979 to 1991, he served as professor at University of Denver, Colorado until his death. He served as visiting professor for two years to the Iowa State University in 1962.

274

Varun Sahni

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Varun Bhisham Sahni (born March 29, 1956) is an Indian theoretical physicist, astrophysicist and a Distinguished Professor at the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics. Known for his research on cosmology, Sahni is an elected fellow of all the three major Indian science academies...Read More

Vashishtha Narayan Singh (2 April 1946 – 14 November 2019) was an Indian academic. A child prodigy, he completed his PhD in 1969. He taught mathematics at various institutes in the 1960s and 1970s. Singh was diagnosed with schizophrenia in the early 1970s and was admitted to a psychiatric hospital....Read More

Vasudeva Krishnamurthy, nicknamed Prof. V.K., was an Indian algologist. He established Krishnamurthy Institute of Algology at Chennai to promote the study of algology. Krishnamurthy, son of Sanskrit professor R. Vasudeva Sharma, was born on August 14, 1921 at Valavanur, Viluppuram district. He died in Tamil Nadu on May 9 2014.

277

Veena Parnaik

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Veena Krishnaji Parnaik (born 1953) is an Indian cell biologist and the current Chief Scientist at the Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology. She obtained her Masters in Science in medicinal biochemistry from the University of Mumbai and received her PhD from Ohio State University before moving...Read More

278

Vidyavati

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विद्यावती Vidyavati

Vidyavati, former Vice-Chancellor, Kakatiya University, Warangal, Telangana, India was born on 15 September 1939, in Goud community. She is President of Phycological Society of India. She was honored by Telangana State Government as Eminent Women on 8 March 2017, on the occasion of “International Women’s Day” celebrations.

279

Vijay P. Bhatkar

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विजय भटकर Vijay P. Bhatkar

Vijay Pandurang Bhatkar is an Indian computer scientist, IT leader and educationalist. He is best known as the architect of India’s national initiative in supercomputing where he led the development of Param supercomputers. He is a Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri and Maharashtra Bhushan awardee. Indian...Read More

280

Vinod Johri

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विनोद जौहरी Vinod Johri

Vinod Johri (10 June 1935 – 10 May 2014) was an Indian astrophysicist. He was an eminent cosmologist, a retired professor of astrophysics at Indian Institute of Technology, Madras and an emeritus professor at Lucknow University since 1995. Johri had over 75 research publications and articles published...Read More

281

Vasant Gowarikar

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Vasant Ranchhod Gowarikar (25 March 1933 – 2 January 2015) was an Indian scientist. He was a director in Indian Space Research Organization and also the scientific advisor to the Prime Minister of India in 1991–1993. Gowarikar made valuable contributions to the fields of space research, weather and population. He was well known for his monsoon forecast model as he was the first scientist to develop an indigenous weather forecasting model that predicted the monsoon correctly.

Vishnu Vasudev Narlikar FRAS (26 September 1908 1 April 1991) was an Indian physicist specializing in general relativity. The Centre for Theoretical Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia has instituted the annual “V. V. Narikar Memorial Lecture”, in the memory of him.

283

Vijay Kumar Kapahi

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विजय कुमार कपाही Vijay Kumar Kapahi

Vijay Kumar Kapahi (21 January 1944 – 16 March 1999) was an Indian astrophysicist and the director of the National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, an autonomous division of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research. Known for his research on radio galaxies, quasars and observational cosmology, Kapahi...Read More

284

Vinod K. Singh

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विनोद कुमार सिंह Vinod K. Singh

Vinod K. Singh was born on 9 September 1959, in Kshatriya family in Anantpur, a village in district Azamgarh in eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. He is a Rahul and Namita Gautam Chair Professor of Chemistry at IIT Kanpur. Singh’s major research contribution is in an area of Synthetic Organic Chemistry,...Read More

285

Yelavarthy Nayudamma

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यलवर्ती नायुदम्मा Yelavarthy Nayudamma

Yelavarthy Nayudamma (10 September 1922 – 23 June 1985) was a chemical engineer and a scientist killed on Air India Flight 182 (Emperor Kanishka bombing). Yelevarthy was born in an agricultural family at Yelavarru village near Tenali in Guntur district of present-day Andhra Pradesh state in India....Read More

286

Yash Pal

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यशपाल Yash Pal

Yash Pal (26 November 1926 – 24 July 2017) was an Indian scientist, educator and educationist. He was known for his contributions to the study of cosmic rays, as well as for being an institution-builder. In his later years, he became one of the leading science communicators of the country.
Starting...Read More

287

Yusuf Hamied

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यूसुफ़ ख्वाजा हमीद Yusuf Hamied

Yusuf Khwaja Hamied (born 25 July 1936) is a Polish-born-Indian scientist, billionaire businessman, the chairman of Cipla, a generic pharmaceuticals company founded by his father Khwaja Abdul Hamied in 1935. He is also an elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy.

288

Arun Kumar Pati

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अरुण कुमार पति Arun Kumar Pati

Arun Kumar Pati is an Indian physicist notable for his research in quantum information and computation, the theory of geometric phases and its applications, as well as quantum mechanics. He has made pioneering contributions in the area of quantum information. He is considered an important physicist in the field of quantum information and quantum computation in India, perhaps the first.

289

Jagdish Shukla

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जगदीश शुक्ला Jagdish Shukla

Jagadish Shukla (born 1944) is an Indian meteorologist and Distinguished University Professor at George Mason University in the United States. Shukla was born in 1944 in the village of Mirdha in the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh, India. This village had no electricity, no roads or transportation,...Read More

290

K. Radhakrishnan

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के राधाकृष्णन K. Radhakrishnan

Koppillil Radhakrishnan (born 29 August 1949) is an Indian space scientist who headed the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) between November 2009 and December 2014 as Chairman of Space Commission, Secretary of the Department of Space and Chairman of ISRO. Prior to this, he was the Director...Read More

291

M. S. Krishnan

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महाराजपुरम सीताराम कृष्णन M. S. Krishnan

Maharajapuram Seetharaman Krishnan was an Indian Geologist. He was the first Indian to serve as the Director of the Geological Survey of India. Krishnan was born on 24 August 1898 in Tanjore, Madras Presidency. After school education in Tanjore, he continued his studies in St.Joseph’s College,...Read More

292

C.Siva Ram Murthy

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सी. शिव राम  C.Siva Ram Murthy

C. Shiv Ram Murthy did his B.Tech in Electronics and Communication Engineering from National Institute of Technology in 1982. M.Tech. Degree in Computer Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur in 1984 and Ph.D. Degree in Computer Science in 1988 from Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.

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