Sikh Gurus are spiritual masters of Sikhism, who founded this religion for almost two and a half centuries starting in 1469. Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, was born in the year 1469. In 1708, he was given succession by nine other Gurus, finally, the Guruship was passed by the tenth Guru into the Holy Sikh Granth, the Guru Granth Sahib, now considered a living Guru by the followers of Sikhism.
The supreme leader of the Sikh religion is known as Guru which means teacher or master. Do you know the Punjabi word Sikh (learner) is linked to the Sanskrit word shishya (disciple)? Anyway, the beautiful religion was founded over a period of over 200 years by 10 Gurus. They all have shown the path to how to live a spiritual life by setting an example. Each of these gurus strengthens and added to the teachings of their predecessors. They defined all the principles, beliefs, and practices of the religion. Here’s the complete list of Sikh gurus. These gurus are considered messengers of God by their disciples. They are epitomes of devotion and sacrifice. The community is globally renowned for its service towards mankind that is taught by their gurus. All Gurus have made important contributions towards Guru Granth Sahib Ji which is the holy book worshipped by Sikhs.
Guru Amar Das (5 May 1479 – 1 September 1574), sometimes spelled as Guru Amardas, was the third of the Ten Gurus of Sikhism and became Sikh Guru on 26 March 1552 at age 73.Before becoming a Sikh, on a pilgrimage after having been prompted to search for a guru, he heard his nephew’s wife, Bibi...Read More
Guru Har Rai (16 January 1630 – 6 October 1661) revered as the seventh Nanak, was the seventh of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. He became the Sikh leader at age 14, on 3 March 1644, after the death of his grandfather and the sixth Sikh leader Guru Hargobind. He guided the Sikhs for about seventeen...Read More
Guru Har Krishan ( 17 July 1656 – 9 April 1664) was the eighth of the ten Sikh Gurus. At the age of 5, he became the youngest Guru in Sikhism on 7 October 1661, succeeding his father, Guru Har Rai. He contracted smallpox in 1664 and died before reaching his eighth birthday. It is said that he died...Read More
Guru Nanak (born as Nanak on 15 April 1469 – 22 September 1539), also referred to as Baba Nanak (‘father Nanak’), was the founder of Sikhism and is the first of the ten Sikh Gurus. His birth is celebrated worldwide as Guru Nanak Gurpurab on Katak Pooranmashi (‘full-moon of the...Read More
Guru Angad was the second of the ten Sikh gurus of Sikhism. Born in hindu family and after meeting Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, becoming a Sikh, and serving and working with Guru Nanak for many years, Guru Nanak gave Lehna the name Angad (“my own limb”), and chose Angad as the second...Read More
Guru Ram Das (24 September 1534 – 1 September 1581) was the fourth of the ten Gurus of Sikhism. He was born on 24 September 1534 in a family based in Lahore. His birth name was Jetha, and he was orphaned at age 7; he thereafter grew up with his maternal grandmother in a village.At age 12, Bhai Jetha...Read More
Guru Arjun ( 15 April 1563 – 30 May 1606) was the first of the two Gurus martyred in the Sikh faith and the fifth of the ten total Sikh Gurus. He compiled the first official edition of the Sikh scripture called the Adi Granth, which later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib.
He was born in...Read More
(Guru Hargobind Singh ji, Ji is used as a form of respect in Sikhism )Guru Hargobind Ji (19 June 1595 – 28 February 1644), revered as the sixth Nanak, was the sixth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. He had become Guru at the young age of eleven, after the execution of his father, Guru Arjan, by...Read More
Guru Tegh Bahadur ( 1 April 1621 – 24 November 1675) was the ninth of ten Gurus of the Sikh religion. He was born at Amritsar in 1621 and was the youngest son of Guru Hargobind. His term as Guru ran from 1665 to 1675. One hundred and fifteen of his hymns are in Guru Granth Sahib. There are several...Read More
Guru Gobind Singh (22 December 1666 – 7 October 1708), born Gobind Rai, was the tenth Sikh Guru, a spiritual master, warrior, poet and philosopher. When his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, was beheaded for refusing to convert to Islam, Guru Gobind Singh was formally installed as the leader of the Sikhs...Read More