10 Famous Indian Mosques

A few Indian mosques are the epitomes of architectural brilliance. Sky-high domes, beautiful minaret, and artistic arches are some of the key features of these mosques. These places of high religious value have been made spacious for big gatherings and they are mostly open to common people. Here, you can find a list of the most famous Indian mosques. Some of these have existed for centuries- starting from the time of early dynasts to the period of Mughals- while a few have been newly built. Many of these architectural delights are rich in history and have fascinating stories attached to them. They showcase Islamic art forms beautifully through the style of building and inscriptions on them. Their façade also leaves visitors in their awe. Some of these mosques are quite huge while some are truly unique due to their surroundings and aura. These great monuments are worth a visit.


Jama Masjid, New Delhi

जामा मस्जिद, नई दिल्ली 1

The Masjid-i Jehan Numa (lit. the ‘World-reflecting Mosque’ or “Mosque of the Celestial Sphere”), commonly known as the Jama Masjid of Delhi, is one of the largest mosques in India.It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan between 1650 and 1656 at a cost of one million rupees, and was inaugurated by Imam Syed Abdul Ghafoor Shah Bukhari from Bukhara. The mosque was completed in 1656 AD with three great gates and two 40 metres high minarets constructed with strips of red sandstone and white marble. The courtyard can accommodate more than 25000 people. There are three domes on the terrace which are surrounded by the two minarets. On the floor, a total of 899 black borders are marked for worshippers. The architectural plan of Badshahi Masjid, built by Shah Jahan’s son Aurangzeb at Lahore is similar to the Jama Masjid.

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Haji Ali Dargah, Mumbai

हाजी अली दरगाह, मुंबई 2

The Haji Ali Dargah is a mosque and dargah (tomb) or the monument of Pir Haji Ali Shah Bukhari located on an islet off the coast of Worli in the southern part of Mumbai. Pir Haji Ali Shah Bukhari was a Sufi saint and a wealthy merchant from Uzbekistan. Near the heart of the city proper, the dargah is one of the most recognisable landmarks of Mumbai.An exquisite example of Indo-Islamic Architecture, associated with legends about doomed lovers, the dargah contains the tomb of Haji Ali Shah Bukhari.

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Shah-e-Alam's Roza, Ahmedabad

शाह-ए-आलम के रोजा, अहमदाबाद 3

Shah-e-Alam’s Tomb and Mosque, also known as Rasulabad Dargah or Shah Alam no Rozo, is a medieval mosque and tomb complex (Roza) in Shah Alam area of Ahmedabad, India.
Shah e Alam was the son of Hazrath Syed Burhanuddin Qutub-ul-Alam and the great grandson of Hazrat Syed Makhdoom Jahaniyan Jahangasht. Attracted to the court of Ahmed Shah I, his father settled at Vatva and died there in 1452. Shah e Alam succeeded his father and, till his death in 1475, was the guide of Mahmud Begada’s youth, and afterwards one of the most revered of Muslim religious teachers of Ahmedabad.

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Moti Masjid, Delhi

मोती मस्जिद, दिल्ली 4

The Moti Masjid is a white marble mosque inside the Red Fort complex in Delhi, India. The name translates into English as “Pearl Mosque.”(Hindustani: موتی مسجد, मोती मस्जिद) Located to the west of the Hammam and close to the Diwan-i-Khas, it was built by the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb from 1659-1660.

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Moorish Mosque, Punjab

मूरिश मस्जिद, पंजाब 5

The Moorish Mosque, Kapurthala situated in Kapurthala in the Indian State of Punjab is patterned on the lines of the Grand Mosque of Marrakesh, Morocco. It was commissioned by Maharajah Jagatjit Singh, the last ruler of Kapurthala. Kapurthala city, was then the capital city of the Kapurthala State, known as ‘Mini Paris of Punjab’ and the mosque was stated to be one of the best in South-east Asia. The mosque is a national monument protected by the Archaeological Survey of India.

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Mecca Masjid, Hyderabad

मक्का मस्जिद, हैदराबाद 6

Makkah Masjid or Mecca Masjid, is a congregational mosque in Hyderabad, India. It is one of the largest mosques in India with a capacity of 20,000. The mosque was built between the 16th and 17th centuries, and is a state-protected monument situated in the heart of the old city of Hyderabad, close to the historic landmarks of Charminar, Chowmahalla Palace and Laad Bazaar.
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, commissioned bricks to be made from the soil brought from Mecca, the holiest site of Islam, and used them in the construction of the central arch of the mosque, thus giving the mosque its name. It formed the centerpiece around which the city was planned by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah.

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Taj-ul-Masjid, Bhopal

ताज-उल-मस्जिद, भोपाल 7

The Taj-ul-Masajid (Arabic: تَاجُ ٱلْمَسَاجِد‎, romanized: Tāj-ul-Masājid, lit. ‘Crown of the Mosques’) or Tāj-ul-Masjid (تَاجُ ٱلْمَسْجِد), is a mosque situated in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India. It is the largest mosque in India and one of the largest mosques in Asia.

The construction work of this mosque started in the reign of the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar by Nawab Shah Jahan Begum (1844–1860 and 1868–1901) of Bhopal (Wife of Nawab Syed Siddiq Hasan Khan) and continued to be built by her daughter Sultan Jahan Begum, till her lifetime. The mosque was not completed due to lack of funds, and after a long lay-off after the War of 1857, construction was resumed in 1971 by Allama Mohammad Imran Khan Nadwi Azhari and Maulana Sayed Hashmat Ali Sahab of Bhopal. The construction was completed by 1985 and the entrance (eastern) gate was renovated grandly using ancient motifs from circa 1250 Syrian mosques by the contribution of the Emir of Kuwait to commemorate the memory of his departed wife.[citation needed]

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Bada Imambara, Lucknow

बड़ा इमामबाड़ा, लखनऊ 8

Bara Imambara, also known as Asfi Mosque is an imambara complex in Lucknow, India built by Asaf-ud-Daula, Nawab of Awadh in 1784. Bara means big.
The building also includes the large Asfi mosque, the Bhul-bhulaiya (the labyrinth), and Bowli, a step well with running water. Two imposing gateways lead to the main hall. It is said that there are 1024 ways to reach the terrace but only two to come back first gate or the last gate. It is an accidental architecture.

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Hazratbal Masjid, J&K

हजरतबल मस्जिद, जम्मू और कश्मीर 9

Jamia Masjid is a mosque in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Situated at Nowhatta in the middle of the Old City, the Mosque was commissioned by Sultan Sikandar in 1394 CE and completed in 1402 CE, at the behest of Mir Mohammad Hamadani, son of Mir Sayyid Ali Hamadani, and is regarded as one of the most important mosques in Kashmir. The Mosque is located in Downtown which remains a central zone to the religio-political life in Srinagar. Thronged by Muslims every Friday, it is one of the prime tourist attractions of Srinagar.

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Atala Mosque, Jaunpur

अटाला मस्जिद, जौनपुर 10

Atala Masjid or Atala Mosque is a 14th-century mosque in Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is 2.2 km north-northeast of Jaunpur, 7.3 km northwest of Zafarābād, 16.8 km north-northeast of Mariāhū, 26.3 km west-northwest of Kirākat.

The style of Atala Masjid’s architecture is known as Sharqi Style. Although the outer structure is changed, the inner walls and pillars of this masjid retain the original Hindu temple structures. The central dome is almost 17 meters high above the ground, but cannot be seen from the front because of the tall tower (at 23 meters).

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